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Kosovo Evaluation

During 1998 and early 1999 the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbian) forces increased their efforts to 'ethnically cleanse' Kosovo. They justified this on the basis that they were 'cleaning out' Kosovar Liberation Army (KLA) bases. In response, NATO forces launched air strikes against the Federal Yugoslavia Republic (FYR) in March 1999. The war between FYR and NATO forced displacement from Kosovo and precipitated a major humanitarian emergency involving the largest and fastest movement of people in Europe since World War II.

The Disaster Executive Committee (DEC) launched its Kosovo appeal on 6th April 1999. This appeal raised over 50 million pounds sterling, which was shared out between 12 British agencies; the largest share going to Oxfam (about 30% of the total raised). The DEC subsequently commissioned an independent evaluation1 of phase 1 and 2 of expenditure of the appeal funds covering the period from 6th April 1999 to 31st January 2000.This time period covered the massive outflow of Albanians from Kosovo to Albania, Macedonia, Montenegro and Bosnia, their return to Kosovo and the resulting outflow of Serbs and Roma from Kosovo. The evaluation took place between January and June 2000 with the evaluation team visiting Albania, Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro, Bosnia- Herzegovina and Serbia. The evaluation was multi-sectoral. It examined preparedness and initial response, appropriateness of response, coverage, protection, effectiveness and impact, efficiency/cost-effectiveness, connectedness and performance standards. The food and nutrition component of the DEC response was therefore only a small component of the evaluation but nevertheless reported interesting and important findings.

Bread distribution in Albania. (Tearfund)

Relative to the large food aid programmes implemented by agencies such as WFP and CRS during the crisis, the DEC agencies spent very little on food and nutrition programmes. The evaluation conclusions are, therefore, not generalisable to the overall food and nutrition response but only apply to the response of DEC agencies. The main conclusions about the provision of food and nutritional support by DEC agencies during the crisis were as follows:

The impact of the crisis on the food security of host populations in Albania and Macedonia appears to have been minimal.

Show footnotes

1Independent Evaluation of Expenditure of DEC Kosovo Appeal Funds - Phase 1 and 11, April 1999 - January 2000. Volumes 1-3. ODI in Association with VALID International: August 2000

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Reference this page

Kosovo Evaluation. Field Exchange 11, December 2000. p23. www.ennonline.net/fex/11/kosovo