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World Disasters Report: Urban risk

The 2010 edition of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) World Disasters Report focused on urban risk. Produced shortly after two large ‘urban’ disasters; an earthquake in Chile (death toll in hundreds) and in Haiti (death toll in hundreds of thousands), the report is built on the premise that the urban context presents both problems and opportunities for disaster risk reduction and humanitarian assistance.

It provides a comprehensive review of urban risk that includes discussion on urbanisation and disaster risk, urban myths, disaster impacts in urban and rural areas, housing issues, and strengthening and supporting local action.

Following a review of urban disaster trends, the report describes some of the challenges and different approaches used to identify ‘urban disasters’ and their impact. One of these approaches is the DesInventar1, a conceptual and methodological tool for the generation of National Disaster Inventories and the construction of databases of damage, losses and in general the effects of disasters. The report mentions the potential of the DesInventar database, to achieve a more sophisticated understanding risk at urban district level, if it were more widely adopted.

Topics covered in subsequent chapters include:

The full report is available at: http://www.ifrc.org/en/publications-and-reports/world-disasters-report/wdr2010/

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Reference this page

World Disasters Report: Urban risk. Field Exchange 46: Special focus on urban food security & nutrition, September 2013. p45. www.ennonline.net/fex/46/world