Menu ENN Search

Accelerating improvements in nutritional and health status of young children in the Sahel region of Sub-Saharan Africa: review of international guidelines on infant and young child feeding and nutrition

Author: Wuehler
Year: 2011
Resource type: Article

Abstract

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child holds governments responsible to ensure children’s right to the highest attainable standard of health by providing breastfeeding support, and access to nutritious foods, appropriate health care, and clean drinking water. International experts have identified key child care practices and programmatic activities that are proven to be effective at reducing infant and young child undernutrition, morbidity, and mortality. Nevertheless, progress towards reducing the prevalence of undernutrition has been sporadic across countries of the Sahel sub-region of Sub-Saharan Africa. In view of this uneven progress, a working group of international agencies was convened to ‘Reposition children’s right to adequate nutrition in the Sahel.’ The first step towards this goal was to organize a situational analysis of the legislative, research, and programmatic activities related to infant and young child nutrition (IYCN) in six countries of the sub-region: Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, and Senegal.

The purposes of this introductory paper are to review current information concerning the nutritional and health status of infants and young children in the Sahel and to summarize international guidelines on optimal IYCN practices. These guidelines were used in completing the above-mentioned situational analyses and encompass specific recommendations on:

(i) breastfeeding (introduction within the first hour after birth, exclusivity to 6months, continuation to at least 24 months); (ii) complementary feeding (introduction at 6 months, use of nutrient dense foods, adequate frequency and consistency, and responsive feeding); (iii) prevention and/or treatment of micronutrient deficiencies (vitamin A, zinc, iron and anaemia, and iodine); (iv) prevention and/or treatment of acute malnutrition; (v) feeding practices adapted to the maternal situation to reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV; (vi) activities to ensure food security; and (vii) the promotion of hygienic practices concerning food preparation and storage and environmental sanitation. The following papers in this issue will present results of the situational analyses for the individual countries.

Download

wuehler-2011-accelerating-improve-1.pdf (PDF, 1.1mb)

More like this

FEX: Report of the South Asia ‘Stop stunting: Improving Young Children’s Diets’ conference

View this article as a pdf Report summary1 The third regional conference on stunting hosted by the Secretariat of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)...

Resource: Infant and Young Child Feeding in Emergencies (IYCF-E). Programming in The Context Of COVID-19: Considerations for Adaptations

Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic is an unprecedented global emergency with 216 countries affected, more than 19 million confirmed cases and more than 900,000 deaths as of...

FEX: A review of nutrition-related service delivery packages: What they train providers to deliver

View this article as a pdf Summary of research1 By Sascha Lamstein and Kelsey Torres Sascha Lamstein is a senior technical advisor for the United States Agency for...

en-net: Compare between NIPP and IBSFP

Nutrition impact positive practice and integrated blanket supplementary feeding program are two of success strategies implemented to reduce prevalence of malnutrition through...

en-net: standared questionarie for determinants of IYCF practices

Thank you for your valuable response for my previous question. I would like to add two more questions regarding my study area. 1. I am going to assess the factors affecting...

Improving social protection programmes to support mothers and young children’s diets in Bangladesh: Combining cash transfers with behaviour change

View this article as a pdf The Ministry of Women and Children Affairs, Government of Bangladesh, provided information and editorial support for this article. Dr Md Shah...

FEX: Barriers to exclusive breastfeeding among children in Gedo region, Somalia

By Rowena Ndakwe and Dr Abdi Tari Rowena Ndakwe is the current MEAL Coordinator for Trócaire Somalia, with over five years' experience in monitoring, evaluation,...

en-net: IFE-IYCN Expert

Action Against Hunger (ACF)-USA is part of the ACF-International Network which works to save lives by combating hunger and diseases that threaten the lives of vulnerable...

FEX: UNICEF/WHO Invited Commentary on ‘Infant and young child feeding assessment with small sample surveys: a proposal for a simplified and structured approach’

Contact persons at UNICEF New York Headquarters: Diane Holland, Nutrition Section, Programme Division and Julia Krasevec, Data and Analytics Section, Division of Policy and...

FEX: Challenges of IYCF and psychosocial support in Lebanon

By Juliette Seguin Juliette Seguin is currently Health and Nutrition Coordinator for ACF Lebanon. She has been working with ACF since 2011 in Haiti, Guinea, Bangladesh, Turkey...

FEX: Community video in the Sahel: from pilot to scale

By Alix Harou, Marjolein Moreaux and Leanne Dougherty View this article as a pdf Alix Harou has a background in national and international public health and currently works...

FEX: Infant and young child feeding in emergencies programming in the context of COVID-19: learnings from a webinar series

View this article as a pdf By Alessandro Iellamo, Linda Shaker Berbari, Ben Allen, Brooke Bauer, Aashima Garg, Andi Kendle, Peggy Koniz-Booher, Mija Ververs and Deborah Joy...

FEX: Transforming food systems to improve diet affordability: Fill the Nutrient Gap analysis in Burkina Faso

View this article as a pdf Research summary1 By Sumra Kureishy, Natalie West, Saidou Magagi and Katrien Ghoos Sumra Kureishy is a Nutrition Officer at the World Food...

Leveraging the power of multiple systems to improve diets and feeding practices in early life in South Asia

View this article as a pdf Zivai Murira is the Nutrition Specialist at UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia, based in Kathmandu, Nepal. Harriet Torlesse is the Regional...

FEX: The impact of intensive counselling and a mass media campaign on complementary feeding practices and child growth in Bangladesh

Summary of research* Location: Bangladesh. What we know: In Bangladesh there has been little to no progress in improving children's diets and little evidence available on...

en-net: IFE-IYCN M&E expert-Dadaab

Action Against Hunger (ACF)-USA is part of the ACF-International Network which works to save lives by combating hunger and diseases that threaten the lives of vulnerable...

The double burden of malnutrition among young children in South Asia: Policy and programme options

View this article as a pdf Dr Angela de Silva is the Regional Adviser, Nutrition and Health for Development, WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia. Dr Ayoub Al Jawalhdeh...

FEX: Retrospective qualitative analysis of an infant and young child feeding intervention among refugees in Europe

Summary of MSc thesis By Alexandra Svoboda Alexandra Svoboda is a student on the MSc Nutrition for Global Health course at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine...

FEX: Infant and young child feeding in emergencies: Programming adaptation in the context of COVID-19 in Lebanon

View this article as a pdf By Bayan Ahmad Bayan Ahmad is Senior Field Officer at International Orthodox Christian Charities (IOCC), where she is responsible for overseeing...

FEX: Nutrition coordination in Ukraine: Experiences as a sub-cluster of health

By Anna Ziolkovska Anna Ziolkovska is the Information Management Officer with the Global Nutrition Cluster Rapid Response Team, UNICEF. She was deployed to Ukraine twice, for...

Close

Reference this page

Wuehler (2011). Accelerating improvements in nutritional and health status of young children in the Sahel region of Sub-Saharan Africa: review of international guidelines on infant and young child feeding and nutrition. www.ennonline.net/acceleratingimprovements

(ENN_890)

Close

Download to a citation manager

The below files can be imported into your preferred reference management tool, most tools will allow you to manually import the RIS file. Endnote may required a specific filter file to be used.