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Breastfeeding and the risk of postneonatal death in the United States

Author: Chen A, Rogan WJ. Pediatrics
Year: 2004
Resource type: Article

Chen A, Rogan WJ. Breastfeeding and the risk of postneotal death in the United States. Pediatrics 113: 435-439, 2004

A large US based study based on national representative data indicated that children who were never breastfed were 30 times more likely to die in the postneonatal period than those who were breastfed. Longer breastfeeding was associated with lower risk. Promoting breastfeeding has the potential to save about 720 post-neonatal deaths in the US each year.

Note: CDC letter mentions 2nd study: Forste R, Weiss J, Lippincott E. The decision to breastfeed in the United States: does ract matter? Pediatrics. 2001, 108(2):291-6 also showing dramatically higher mortality non-b/fed infants. Both studies were in relatively affluent populations, good sanitation, access to infanf formula abundant. Also studies are relatively recent and so compare breastfeeding to 'modern' infant formulas, they are not confounded by inclusion of even worse infant feeding methods, such as cow's milk feeding or sweetened condensed milk.

Other paper on this subject from Spain: Paricio Talayero, J. M., M. Lizan-Garcia, et al. (2006). "Full breastfeeding and hospitalization as a result of infections in the first year of life." Pediatrics118(1): e92-99.

pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/reprint/113/5/e435

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Chen A, Rogan WJ. Pediatrics (2004). Breastfeeding and the risk of postneonatal death in the United States. www.ennonline.net/bfpostnataldeath

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