Menu ENN Search

Public Nutrition in Complex Emergencies

Published paper1

A recent review of public nutrition in complex emergencies has been published in the LANCET. The paper is based on the personal bibliographic databases of the authors combined with a search of published work using MEDLINE, FirstSearch, Web of Science, JSTOR, ScienceDirect and Ingenta. The paper defines public nutrition as a broad-based, problem- solving approach to addressing malnutrition in complex emergencies that combines analysis of nutritional risk and vulnerability with action-oriented strategies, including policies, programmes, and capacity development.

The paper focuses on six broad areas; nutritional assessment, distribution of a general food ration, prevention and treatment of moderate malnutrition, treatment of severe malnutrition in children and adults, prevention and treatment of micronutrient deficiency diseases and nutritional support for atrisk groups including infants, pregnant and lactating women, elderly people and people living with HIV. The paper concludes that learning and documenting good practice from previous emergencies, the promotion of good practice in current emergencies and adherence to international standards and guidelines have contributed to establishing the field of public nutrition. However, many practical challenges reduce the effectiveness of nutritional interventions in complex emergencies and important research and programmatic questions remain.

Many gaps, challenges and constraints are highlighted in the paper. These include the need for;

Show footnotes

1Young H, et al (2004); Public nutrition in complex emergencies, The LANCET, vol 365, November 20th, pp 1899- 1909

More like this

FEX: Summary of Lancet Series on Maternal and Child Undernutrition

Below are short summaries of the recently launched Lancet series of papers on Maternal and Child Undernutrition1. This high profile series focuses on the disease burden...

FEX: Maternal Nutrition in Emergencies: technical review and round table discussion

By Emily Mates and Tanya Khara Emily Mates is a Technical Director with the ENN. Tanya Khara worked as an ENN consultant on the project. Through the INSPIRE consortium, the...

FEX: The Measurement of Micronutrient Deficiencies - A Long Way to Go

Analysis of the micronutrient status of populations affected by natural and complex nutritional emergencies poses special problems. However, it is also widely regarded as being...

FEX: A Review of the advances and challenges in nutrition in conflicts and crises over the last 20 years

Abbreviated version of unpublished paper Food distribution at the ICRC kitchen in Tonj. By Frances Mason and Anna Taylor This paper is a shortened version of the complete...

FEX: Revisiting Sphere: new standards of service delivery for new trends in protracted displacement

Summary of research1 Protracted refugee situations (PRS) are those in which refugees find themselves in a long-lasting and intractable state of limbo. Roughly half of the...

FEX: Outbreak of micronutrient deficiency disease: did we respond appropriately?

By Dianne Stevens, Patricia Araru and Buwa Dragudi, Save the Children (UK) Dianne Stevens is a nutritionist with a Masters in Public Health and Tropical Medicine. She has been...

en-net: Upto what extend iron flour fortification can increase the Hb level of anemic adolescent women if iron fortified wheat flour is feed to these anemic adolescent women for 3 months?

i am doing my Mphil research on iron wheat flour fortification for anemic adolescent women. can any one have any information or relevant site or paper that how much it will...

FEX: Letter challenging conclusions and analysis of Lancet Undernutrition Series, by Fiona Watson and Carmel Dolan

Challenging conclusions and analysis of the Lancet Undernutrition Series Dear Editor, We welcome the opportunity provided by the Lancet to highlight the “desperately...

FEX: Iron and vitamin A deficiency in African refugees

Summary of published research1 Haemacue survey in Tanzania Five cross-sectional surveys were conducted in refugee camps in north and east Africa between 2000-2002 to assess...

FEX: Introduction to the special issue

The most recent Lancet series on maternal and child undernutrition (Bhutta et al, 2013) calculated that even with 90% coverage of specific nutrition interventions (addressing...

FEX: International Public Nutrition and Emergencies: The Potential for Improving Practice

Workshop summary by Anuradha Harinarayan, Feinstein International Famine Center, Tufts University Aworkshop was organised by the Feinstein International Famine Center in June...

FEX: Lessons Learned From Complex Emergencies

Published paper1 Children being fed in MFS-H feeding programme Another paper in the same series in the LANCET reviewed the lessons learned from complex emergencies over the...

FEX: Implications of inconsistent anaemia policies for children and adolescents in Africa

Summary of published study1 Location: Sub-Saharan Africa What we know: There are many interdependent factors that cause anaemia (infectious and chronic disease, micronutrient...

FEX: Nutrition in health response in emergencies: WHO perspectives and developments

By Zita Weise Prinzo, Adelheid Onyango, Dr Ferima-Coulibaly Zerbo, Hana Bekele, Dr Ngoy Nsenga and Adelheid Marschang View this article as a pdf Lisez cet article en...

FEX: Research Snapshots

The following provides a short summary of each of these important research studies. A fuller summary of each can be found online at www.ennonline.net/fex Inpatient management...

FEX: Nutrition in emergencies working group, SCN 2004

At the 31st Standing Committee on Nutrition (SCN) session held recently in New York (21-25 March, 2004), progress of the Nutrition in Emergencies Working Group (NEWG) was...

FEX: Refugee Health, An Approach to Emergency Situations

New Book Published In recent refugee crisis, relief workers faced rapidly changing and complex environments, new disease patterns, huge humanitarian needs and relatively...

FEX: 2011 Edition of the Sphere Handbook Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response

Farmers association level consultation at Chuko, Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples (SNNPR) province, Ethiopia, August 2009 By Susan Thurstans, Paul Turnbull, Devrig...

FEX: Towards the Overdue Elimination of Deficiency Disease Epidemics

By André Briend Andre Briend is a medical doctor, working for the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), a French public research institution with a mandate to...

FEX: Letter on inadequate coverage of SAM in Lancet Undernutrition Series, by Susan Shepherd

SAM inadequately addressed in the Lancet Undernutrition Series Dear Editor, In 2003, The Lancet captured and focused attention on saving children’s lives with the publication...

Close

Reference this page

Public Nutrition in Complex Emergencies. Field Exchange 24, March 2005. p6. www.ennonline.net/fex/24/publicnutrition