Menu ENN Search

Experience-based measure of household food insecurity

Summary of published research1

A woman working in one of the village households in Burkino Faso

In a recent programme implemented by Africare and the nutritional science division of Cornell University, qualitative and quantitative methods were used to develop and validate an experienced-based measure of the access component of food insecurity in northern Burkina Faso. The project location was Zondoma province where there has been a Title 11 food aid-funded development province since 2000. In-depth interviews on food insecurity were conducted with ten household heads and 26 women using interview guides. Africare identified themes, classified households, created a table of food insecurity categories, identified items to add to or delete from an initial questionnaire, and developed and revised answer choices.

The experience-based questions asked ranged from "does your household eat until satisfied right now?" to "how many times in a month can you afford the following foods for household members?" There were also many very subjective questions, e.g. "do concerns about lack of food cause you insomnia?"

A longitudinal study conducted in parallel provided quantitative data on changes over time in household food insecurity, the economic situation and related factors. Data were collected on 126 simple and complex households from nine villages every January and July from 2001 to 2003 (five waves). These data allowed examination of changes in household food insecurity twice annually across the best and worst seasons for food, and evaluation of the ability of the experience- based measure to differentiate changes in household food insecurity.

Validity was assessed by examining reliability and by comparing the experiencedbased food insecurity measure with economic status, dietary and anthropometric measures, and a measure created by an observer who rated the households' food insecurity. The results provide strong evidence that the food insecurity score, calculated from experience- based questionnaire items, was valid for determining seasonal differences in household food insecurity, differences among households in food insecurity at a given time and changes in household food insecurity over time in northern rural Burkina Faso.

Show footnotes

1Frongillo A and Nanama S (2006). Development and Validation of an Experience-Based Measure of Household Food Insecurity within and across Seasons in Northern Burkina Faso. J. Nutr. 2006 136: 1409S-1419S.

More like this

FEX: Impact evaluation of cash, food vouchers, and food transfers among Colombian refugees and poor Ecuadorians in urban Ecuador

Summary of evaluation1 Evaluation headlines: Levels of food insecurity and associated anaemia are high amongst Columbian refugees and poor Ecuadorians in the northern...

FEX: Grounding Food Security Monitoring in an Understanding of the Local Economy: Understanding differences – and making a difference

This article was written by Philippa Coutts of The Food Economy Group, using an illustration from Darfur and work of Yousif Abubaker, Abdel Rahmin Nor Hussein and Mohamed Salih...

FEX: Simplifying the response to childhood malnutrition: MSF’s experience with MUAC-based (and oedema) programming

By Kevin P.Q. Phelan, Candelaria Lanusse, Saskia van der Kam, Pascale Delchevalerie, Nathalie Avril and Kerstin Hanson Kevin P.Q. Phelan was the Nutrition Working Group Leader...

FEX: Cash, food or vouchers? Evidence from a randomised experiment in northern Ecuador

Summary of research1 Location: Northern Ecuador What we know: There is ongoing debate on the most effective form of food assistance: cash, food vouchers or food...

FEX: Feasibility of a milk matters initiative to enhance milk intake in children over six months of age in Somalia

By Fatmata Fatima Sesay, Dr Binyam Woldetsadik Gebru, Minh Tram Le, Dr Sayed Ezatullah Majeed, Patrick Codjia and Marjorie Volege View this article as a pdf Fatmata Fatima...

FEX: Differences in food insecurity between adults and children in Zimbabwe

Summary of published research1 Mother and child harvesting sweet potato on communal land in Zimbabwe A variety of methods have been utilised to assess food insecurity,...

FEX: Food security indicators after humanitarian interventions in Zimbabwe

Summary of research1 Rural households in Zimbabwe experience various levels of food insecurity and vulnerability. Worsening macroeconomic conditions, a fragile political...

FEX: Upcoming research shared at ACF research conference

At the ACF research conference, November 6th, 2016, experiences were shared from a number of studies where final results will be made available in 2017. A snapshot of what to...

FEX: Implementation challenges and successes of an AG4Nut project in the eastern region of Burkina Faso

By Marcellin Ouedraogo, Régina Khassanova and Fanny Yago-Wienne Lisez cet article en français ici Marcellin Ouedraogo has been in charge of food security...

FEX: Nutrition among men and household food security in an internally displaced persons camp in Kenya

Summary of research* Location: Kenya What we know: Internally displaced persons (IDP) are vulnerable to nutrition and food insecurity. What this article adds: A 2013 study...

FEX: Impact of an integrated agriculture and nutrition and health behaviour change communication programme for women in Burkina Faso

Summary of research1 Location: Burkina Faso What we know: The agricultural sector has great potential to contribute to improving nutrition.; However, current evidence of...

FEX: Impact of a homestead food production programme on household and child nutrition in Cambodi

Summary of research1 Location: Cambodia What we know: Food-based strategies such as homestead food production have the potential to increase micronutrient intake and improve...

FEX: Cash transfers protecting dietary diversity during food crisis

Summary of working paper1 A village scene in Indonesia In 1998, during the financial crisis in Indonesia, the value of the rupiah (Rp) depreciated dramatically from around Rp...

FEX: WASHplus in Mali: integrating WASH and nutrition for healthy communities

By Renuka Bery, Sahada Traore and Lonna Shafritz Lisez cet article en français ici Renuka Bery is the Integration Manager of the WASHplus project managed by FHI 360....

FEX: Strengthening analysis of the nutrition situation through linking food security and nutrition information: Pitfalls and potentials

By Claire Chastre and Sonya le Jeune Claire Chastre is the SC(UK) Regional Food Security Adviser based in Nairobi. Sonya le Jeune is the SC(UK) Food Security Programme...

FEX: Impact of nutritional supplementation amongst PLHIV in Zambia

By Daphyne Williams Daphyne Williams is currently Technical Advisor HIV and AIDS with Catholic Relief Services where she has worked for the past 2 years. The author wishes to...

FEX: The REFANI Project in Pakistan: adapting research to a multi-sectoral programme for impact measurement

By Zvia Shwirtz, Bridget Fenn, Riccardo Mioli, Ghulam Murtaza Sangrasi and Maureen Gallagher Zvia Shwirtz is currently the REFANI Communications and Research Uptake Officer,...

en-net: Concern Worldwide is looking for a Consultant Nutrition Advisor in Pakistan

Terms of Reference Consultant Nutrition Advisor March - April 2011 Background Concern has been responding to the urgent humanitarian needs of flood affected population in...

FEX: A New Household Economy Method for Assessing Impact of Shocks

By Celia Petty and John Seaman1 Celia Petty is Social Policy and Livelihoods Adviser at Save the Children UK. She has worked as an adviser on food security and livelihoods...

FEX: Measuring Hunger in the Russian Federation

Summary of published paper. Between February 1992 and May 1994 CARE US responded to the health and food security crisis in the former Soviet Union by establishing a survey unit...

Close

Reference this page

Experience-based measure of household food insecurity. Field Exchange 28, July 2006. p5. www.ennonline.net/fex/28/foodinsecurity

(ENN_2233)

Close

Download to a citation manager

The below files can be imported into your preferred reference management tool, most tools will allow you to manually import the RIS file. Endnote may required a specific filter file to be used.