Menu ENN Search

Nutrition and infant feeding survey of women and children in Sarajevo during July 1993

Author: Robertson A, Fronczak N, Jaganjac N, Hailey P, Copeland P, Duprat M.
Year: 1990s
Resource type: Article

Eur J Clin Nutrition 1995 Oct;49 Suppl 2:S11-6.Robertson A, Fronczak N, Jaganjac N, Hailey P, Copeland P, Duprat M, WHO.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: To collect baseline information on nutritional status and infant feeding practices in besieged Sarajevo and to identify areas for action. DESIGN: Thirty communities (clusters) were randomly selected from 84 local communities within besieged Sarajevo. A starting point within a community was randomly selected and subsequent houses visited until the required sample size was reached. 19 collective centres were included in a separate sample. SETTING: The survey was carried out in besieged Sarajevo during July 1993. SUBJECTS: Subjects included residents and refugees. The nutritional status of 524 children aged from six to 59 months and 494 women of child-bearing age was assessed. Information on feeding practices was obtained from a subsample of 64 mothers with babies less than 16 weeks old. MEASUREMENTS: Children and the women who accompanied them were weighed and measured. Weight for height Z scores were calculated for children and body mass index (BMI) was calculated for women. A structured questionnaire on infant feeding practices was administered to mothers of babies.

RESULTS: There were no indications of undernutrition in children above the 2.5% which would normally be expected in a population. Among resident women, 10.8% had a BMI < 18.5, compared to 4.4% among refugee women in private accommodation and 8.6% in collective centres. The weights of refugee women in collective centres were significantly higher than the weights of resident women (ANOVA, p = 0.03). Only 6% of mothers with babies less than 16 weeks old were exclusively breast feeding.

CONCLUSION: Nutritional monitoring proved to be possible and useful in assessing breast feeding practices and nutritional status. The level of exclusive breast feeding was extremely low, probably due to lack of relevant education of health workers.

More like this

FEX: Letter on infant feeding in Former Yugoslavia, by Fiona Watson, Aileen Robertson and Aida Filipovic

Dear Editors, We would like to comment on the article "Infant Feeding in Emergencies: Experience from Former Yugoslavia" (Field Exchange, Issue 1, May '97). Our...

FEX: Infant feeding in a TFP

MSc Thesis1 by Mary Corbett, Concern, HQ Nutritionist The benefits of breastfeeding are widely-know. In conditions characteristic of most emergencies breastfeeding becomes even...

FEX: Ensuring pregnancy weight gain: An integrated community-based approach to tackle maternal nutrition in India

View this article as a pdf Lisez cet article en français ici By Sreeparna Ghosh Mukherjee, Pia Sen and Dr Nagma Nigar Shah Sreeparna Ghosh Mukherjee is Senior...

FEX: Including infants in nutrition surveys

Experiences of ACF in Kabul city Claudine Prudhon is the head of the nutrition department in ACF HQ. Claudine is interested in improving the nutritional management of the under...

FEX: Breastfeeding support in the refugee camps of North Western Tanzania

By Lucas Kulwa Machibya Lucas Machibya has been working for UNHCR since June 1994 in the north-western Tanzania refugee operation as National Public Health Nutrition Officer....

Resource: Infant feeding and risk of severe diarhoea in Basrah City, Iraq - A case-control study

Mahmood DA, Feachem RG, Huttly SRA. Infant feeding and risk of severe diarrhoea in Basrah City, Iraq: A case-control study. Bull WHO 1989;67(6):701-6. Country: Iraq, Setting:...

FEX: Breastfeeding Support Groups in Tajikistan

Uma Palaniappan and Zinaida Abdullaeva Uma Palaniappan & Zinaida Abdullaeva Uma Palaniappan is the Nutrition Programme Manager of Action Against Hunger in Kurgan Tyube in...

FEX: Infant Feeding Alternatives for HIV Positive Mothers in Kenya

By Tom Oguta, Abiud Omwega and Jaswant Sehmi Tom Oguta is currently a PhD student of Nutrition at the University of Nairobi. He has worked as a Research Officer at KIRDI...

FEX: Ambulatory treatment of severe malnutrition in Afghanistan

By Emmanuelle Lurqin Emmanuelle is a paediatric nurse and since 2000, has worked with MSF Belgium on nutrition programmes in Angola, Burundi, and Afghanistan. She is currently...

FEX: Anthropometric predictors of mortality in undernourished adults in southern Sudan

Summary of published research1 Location: South Sudan What we know: Acute adult undernutrition tends to occur in prolonged severe famines. There is a lack of evidence on which...

en-net: breastfeeding

What knowledge gaps are there currently in breastfeeding? What are some of the challenges mothers are getting in practising exclusive breasfeeding, especially in third world...

FEX: Experiences of Nutrition Sector coordination in Syria

By Muhiadin Abdulahi View this article as a pdf Lisez cet article en français ici Muhiadin Abdulahi has worked with UNICEF Syria as a Nutrition Sector/Cluster...

FEX: Evaluation of Relactation by the Supplemental Suckling Technique

A mother feeding her baby using the SST By Odile Oberlin and Caroline Wilkinson, Action Contre la Faim (ACF) Odile Oberlin is a paediatrician working in a Paris hospital and...

FEX: The Potential Use of Maternal Size in Priority Setting When Combating Childhood Malnutrition

Published paper Ethiopia - Gambella region, Sudanese (Uduk) refugees in the Karmi refugee camp. A perennial problem for those conducting nutritional surveys in emergency...

en-net: Nutritional status and vulnerability of older adults/older people (aged 50 +)

Happy New Year to En-net colleagues, I have recently been contracted by HelpAge International (in partnership with NutritionWorks) to write a module on nutrition in older...

en-net: treatment of SAM in 2 month old

I am seeking advice on how to best manage this case: 2 month old twins admitted to a stabilization centre in South Sudan. Mother has been unable to breastfeed for 1 month due...

FEX: Emerging cases of malnutrition amongst IDPs in Tal Abyad district, Syria

By Maartje Hoetjes, Wendy Rhymer, Lea Matasci-Phelippeau, Saskia van der Kam Maartje Hoetjes is a Medical member of the MSF emergency team, currently working in South Sudan....

en-net: IYCF Counselling... Is it for post-natal care women only?

Hello Team,
We have health and nutrition mobile teams delivering health (IMCI,ANC/PNC,Immunization), and nutrition (OTP) services. IYCF counselling is one of these...

en-net: Breastfeeding problems and food supplements. Any association?

Why is it in the SFP we find the following as admission criteria: 'Lactating women with an infant < 6 months if they have breastfeeding problems or if the infant is not...

FEX: Older people, nutrition and emergencies in Ethiopia

By Vanessa Tilstone Vanessa Tilstone has worked for HelpAge International in Ethiopia for the last 3 years as the Country Programme Director and has worked previously in...

Close

Reference this page

Robertson A, Fronczak N, Jaganjac N, Hailey P, Copeland P, Duprat M. (1995). Nutrition and infant feeding survey of women and children in Sarajevo during July 1993. www.ennonline.net/infantfeedingsarajevo

(ENN_461)

Close

Download to a citation manager

The below files can be imported into your preferred reference management tool, most tools will allow you to manually import the RIS file. Endnote may required a specific filter file to be used.