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Infant formula: Home preparation of powdered infant formula - is it safe?

Author: Carletti C, Cattaneo A. Acta Paediatrica
Resource type: Article

Powdered infant formula is not sterile - this has become a concern after the recent increase in the notification of serious cases and outbreaks of disease caused by Enterobacter sakazakii. Even in Australia a study found that 22% of formula samples from 274 mothers was contaminated with enterobacteria. Enterobacter as a problem may be even more serious in selected groups (infants small for gestational age, preterm, immunocompromised, in the first 2 months of life) and in low-income countries where adequate diagnostic facilities are lacking. To address the problem, WHO has recently issued guidelines for the safe preparation, storage and handling of PIF. The objective of this study was to assess the practices of a sample of parents using PIF against the WHO guidelines. This study was carried out in Trieste, Italy and highlights the difficulties of adhering to the guidelines in a non-emergency setting, in an emergency setting the difficulties would be much greater.

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Carletti C, Cattaneo A. Acta Paediatrica (2008). Infant formula: Home preparation of powdered infant formula - is it safe?. www.ennonline.net/infantformulasafety

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