Menu ENN Search

Multi-sectoral coordination for nutrition in Chad: a comprehensive and dynamic multi-stakeholder platform

Author: Ambarka Youssoufane
Year: 2017
Resource type: Other

My name is Ambarka Youssoufane and, as ENN’s Regional Knowledge Management Specialist for West and Central Africa, I often visit countries in the sub-region to talk with various stakeholders in nutrition and the SUN Movement. This was the context in which I visited Chad from 23-28 January, and witnessed strong dynamic activity around the SUN Focal Point, within the framework of the multi-stakeholder platform for the multi-sectoral coordination of nutrition intervention in this country. It is this platform that I would like to talk about today.

Firstly, for those wishing to know more about Chad, it is a Central African country in the north of Central Africa, to the south of Libya. Completely landlocked, Chad also borders Niger and Nigeria, and Sudan in the west. Chad is a fragile country surrounded by fragile states, some of which are also affected by conflict.  The country has a population of around 14 million inhabitants across a surface area of 1,284,000 km². It is divided into a desert area in the north, a semi-arid area in the centre and a Sudanese area in the south. Chad is ranked 184th/187 by the UNDP’s 2013 Human Development Report, with a poverty level of 47.5%.

Chad also has a high level of malnutrition, with a Global Acute Malnutrition level of 11.7% and a chronic malnutrition level of 29%, according to the SMART 2015 nutrition survey. It was, therefore, to address this very serious nutritional situation that Chad joined the SUN Movement in 2013. Joining the SUN Movement was a turning point in the approach to fighting malnutrition.
Since joining the SUN Movement, Chad has implemented a number of reforms to bring itself in line with the SUN Movement’s recommendations, and to establish a suitable, efficient framework for achieving its objectives in the fight against malnutrition. And so, by order of the Prime Minister, a three-level framework for coordination was put in place:

Chad is, therefore, one of the few countries to have put a multi-stakeholder platform in place by ministerial decree. It must also be noted that this platform is comprehensive in terms of its composition, but also highly efficient. In fact, since the country joined the Movement and the government’s SUN Focal Point was designated, it has proceeded to set up other networks, which make up the structure of a mechanism for coordinating multiple stakeholders, particularly the donor network, scientists' network, business network, United Nations Network and Civil Society Network. In addition to the networks officially provided by the SUN Movement, Chad has also established a network of parliamentarians for nutrition, champions and journalists.

All these networks get together for the monthly multi-stakeholder platform meeting, chaired by the National Director for Nutrition, to discuss nutrition-related activities in the broad sense, i.e. nutrition-specific as well as nutrition-sensitive activities. The platform provides a framework for dialogue and exchange between stakeholders on a national level, with the objective of making interventions in the area of nutrition more coherent. It uses a global action plan, which is a synthesis of the different individual plans of its constituent networks. For some time now, and this is a real achievement, it has taken steps towards decentralizing multi-stakeholder platform in the regions.  Five out of the country’s 23 regions have benefited from the official establishment of a Regional Action Committee (regional multi-stakeholder platform), made up of different technical services decentralized from the state. According to the SUN Focal Point, this first step is the trial run before coordination frameworks are set up in other regions.

Another significant challenge for Chad is the efficiency of the National Food and Nutrition Council (CNNA), which has yet to meet since being set up. The European Union and the United Nations Network (UN-REACH) have scheduled in their plans of action for 2017 to support the SUN Focal Point in reinvigorating the CNNA so that it can regularly organise its two annual meetings. Other equally significant challenges seriously impede the ability to work across multiple sectors and fight malnutrition in Chad. Particular challenges are poor domestic funding for nutrition, over-emphasis on emergency interventions and weak inter-platform coordination. Indeed, the multi-stakeholder platform and the nutrition cluster may well be perfectly synchronized, but this is not the case for the food security platform or the WASH cluster. For example, the multi-stakeholder platforms for nutrition and food security organised their January meetings on the same day and at the same time, making inter-platform coordination very difficult.

Since joining the SUN Movement, Chad has set up a multi-sectoral coordination framework for nutrition, with the efficient participation of all the sectoral networks within the SUN Movement (civil society, United Nations, scientific, business, donor, parliamentarians, journalists, nutrition champions) around the SUN Focal Point. Many strategy documents have also been developed, including: the national policy for food and nutrition, the inter-sectoral action plan etc.

In this way, Chad has managed to set up one of the SUN Movement’s most comprehensive structures, providing itself with policy documents to define its vision and clear objectives. This whole system is run by very motivated stakeholders, operating within the multi-stakeholder platform, which meets monthly.

The conditions of good multi-stakeholder and multi-sectoral coordination for nutrition intervention have been met in Chad. We just have to hope that the means for implementing the inter-sectoral nutrition strategy will be available, and that this system will operate successfully. Good luck to all our friends in Chad.

 

More like this

Blog post: Can the SUN Movement benefit from Africa’s political blocs?

How relevant are Africa's political blocs in advancing the Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) Movement agenda? Can the movement tap into the initiatives by the region's political blocs...

NEX: Setting up SUN Networks in Fragile and Conflict Affected States

View this article as a pdf Lisez cet article en français ici ENN's SUN Knowledge Management team The SUN Movement is “a collection of national movements led by...

Resource: Podcast transcript –The Role of the REACH initiative in the implementation of SUN in Burkina Faso

Listen here Ambarka Youssoufane (AY): Regional Knowledge Management Specialist for West and Central Africa with ENN Madame Bertine Ouaro (BO): Director of Nutrition and SUN...

NEX: Taking stock of processes and goals: SUN Movement Joint Assessments (2017) in Burkina Faso and Kenya

Ambarka Youssoufane, ENN Regional Knowledge Management Specialist for West and Central Africa, and Lillian Karanja, ENN Regional Knowledge Management Specialist, East and...

NEX: Coordinating nutrition in Mali: Interview with the SUN focal point

View this article as a pdf Lisez cet article en français ici Mali is facing high levels of malnutrition (including 38.5% stunting prevalence and 15.3% wasting among...

NEX: REACHing for the SUN: UN support for scaling up nutrition in Burkina Faso

Dr Doudou Halidou Maimouna and Ousmane Ouedraogo are the REACH co-ordinators in Burkina Faso. Bertine Ouaro is Head of the Nutrition Department at the Ministry of...

Blog post: Decentralised multisectoral coordination of nutrition in Senegal

LIRE CE BLOG EN FRANCAIS At the beginning of this year, I attended a Nutrition International (NI) mission in the village of Amadou Bellinaoude-Santhiago, in the Kolda region...

NEX: Decentralising nutrition management and coordination in Chad

Mohamed Cheik Levrak is the international REACH facilitator in Chad, building on his REACH experience as the national facilitator in Mauritania. Before that he worked for 17...

NEX: Editorial

View this article as a pdf Lisez cet article en français ici Although we had not planned NEX11 to be themed, a common (and recurrent) thread emerges from the country...

NEX: Mapping multi-sector actions in Burundi and Myanmar: Towards more effective coordination

Ernest Niyokindi is Deputy Chief of Cabinet in the Second Vice President's Office for the Republic Burundi and the SUN Movement Government Focal Point. Dr Célestin...

FEX: SUN Movement experiences in Indonesia

By Nina Sardjunani and Endang L. Achadi Lisez cet article en français ici Nina Sardjunani is the SUN Lead Group member and was previously Deputy Minister of Ministry...

FEX: SUN experiences: lessons from Pakistan

By Muhammad Aslam Shaheen and Dr. Ali Ahmad Khan Lisez cet article en français ici Muhammad Aslam Shaheen is Chief of Nutrition at the Ministry of Planning Development...

Blog post: Notes from Myanmar - an ENN and Nutrition International joint visit

Lire ce blog en Français I began April with a weeklong visit to Myanmar, not my first visit but the first in my role as KM Specialist with ENN. Myanmar and its...

en-net: SUN Networks

On behalf of SanSan Myint UN REACH Facilitator Myanmar

How many and which countries have SUN Academic Networks and how many and which countries have Parliamentary...

NEX: Interview with the Dr. Hjordis Ogendo, Head of Social Affairs and Environment, EU Delegation in Kenya and SUN Donor Convenor

Background Kenya was one of the first countries to sign up to the SUN Movement in November 2012 and the European Union Delegation in Kenya agreed to be the SUN Donor Network...

FEX: South Sudan nutrition: Overcoming the challenges of nutrition information systems

The health sector in South Sudan, the youngest nation in Africa, has been growing from strength to strength amid insecurity and emergencies that have affected the general...

FEX: Advocating for nutrition in West Africa: The role of SUN Civil Society Alliances

By Judith Kabore and Laure Serra View this article as a pdf Judith Kabore is an advocacy officer at the regional office of Action Against Hunger. A journalist by training,...

NEX: A catalyst for scale-up in SUN countries: Experiences of technical assistance for Tajikistan and the Philippines

ENN's SUN Knowledge Management team with contributions from Nutrition International (NI) and Maximising the Quality of Scaling Up Nutrition Plus (MQSUN+) Click here and...

NEX: SUN Experiences: Lessons from Pakistan

Muhammad Aslam Shaheen is SUN Focal Point in Pakistan. Dr. Ali Ahmad Khan is Programme Officer for the SUN Secretariat, Ministry of Planning, Development and Reform,...

NEX: Building parliamentarian networks for nutrition in West Africa

View this article as a pdf Lisez cet article en français ici An increasing number of countries are recognising the potential role that parliamentarians can play in...

Close

Reference this page

Ambarka Youssoufane (2017). Multi-sectoral coordination for nutrition in Chad: a comprehensive and dynamic multi-stakeholder platform. www.ennonline.net/multisectoralnutritioninchad

(ENN_5576)

Close

Download to a citation manager

The below files can be imported into your preferred reference management tool, most tools will allow you to manually import the RIS file. Endnote may required a specific filter file to be used.