Menu ENN Search

Growth faltering and recovery in children aged 1– 8 years in four low- and middle-income countries: Young Lives

Summary of paper: Lundeed, E.A. et al.  Public Health Nutrition: 2014 Sep;17(9):2131-7

Height measurementThe objective of this study was to characterize post-infancy child growth patterns and determine the incidence of becoming stunted and of recovery from stunting. Data came from ‘Young Lives’, a longitudinal study of childhood poverty in four low- and middle-income countries: Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam.  Length/height measurements of children from each of these countries (n=7171) were analysed at ages 1, 5 and 8 years.

Results showed that the prevalence of stunting, i.e. the proportion of this population found to be stunted (as defined by Height-for-Age Z score <-2.0) at 1 year of age ranged from 21% (Vietnam) to 46% (Ethiopia). From age 1 to 5 years, the prevalence of stunting decreased by 15.1 percentage points in Ethiopia and increased in the other cohorts. From 5 to 8 years, stunting prevalence decreased in all cohorts.

The incidence of becoming stunted, i.e. new cases arising in this population between ages 1 to 5 years, ranged from 11 % (Vietnam) to 22 % (India); between ages 5 to 8 years, it ranged from 3 % (Peru) to 6 % (India and Ethiopia). The incidence of recovery from stunting between ages 1 and 5 years ranged from 27 % (Vietnam) to 53 % (Ethiopia); and between ages 5 and 8 years, it ranged from 30 % (India) to 47 % (Ethiopia).

In conclusion, the study found substantial recovery from early stunting among children in four low- and middle-income countries. Results suggests that, while prevention of early-life stunting must continue to be a top priority, programme planners and implementers should also consider identifying and targeting children who become stunted, or who are at risk of stunting, during infancy and beyond. 

More like this

FEX: Early is best but it is not always too late. Young Lives evidence on nutrition and growth in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam

View this article as a pdf Summary of report Location: Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam What this article is about: Anthropometric data, taken from 12,000 children across...

FEX: Child wasting and concurrent stunting in low- and middle-income countries

View this article as a pdf Click here to listen to an interview with one of the authors on the ENN podcast channel Summary of research1 What we know: Cross-sectional,...

NEX: Post-infancy growth, schooling, and cognitive achievement: Young Lives

Summary of research paper: Crookston, B.G. et al. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2013 Sep; 1-9 Early life growth failure and resulting cognitive deficits are often...

Catch up study Development Horizons blog

A new study by Young Lives researchers measures height for age of a cohort of children at ages 1, 5 and 8 years, in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam. The study shows catch up...

FEX: Impact of maternal mental health on recovery from severe acute malnutrition in Malawi

View this article as a pdf MSc summer project1 By Mphatso Nancy Chisala Mphatso Chisala is a medic by profession with an interest in the prevention and treatment of child...

FEX: The link between foetal and childhood nutrition and adult non-communicable disease: lessons from birth cohort studies in India

View this article as a pdf Research summary1 Location: India What we know: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are rising in prevalence globally and they particularly affect...

FEX: Early childhood linear growth failure in low- and middle-income countries

View this article as a pdf Research snapshot1 Stunting affects approximately 149 million children under five years old globally.2 However, estimates rely on cross-sectional...

FEX: Wasting and Stunting Technical Interest Group (WaSt TIG) meeting

On the 15th of January 2018 the Wasting and Stunting (WaSt) Technical Interest Group (TIG) held their third face-to-face meeting at Trinity College, Oxford. This group of 30...

FEX: South Asia and child wasting – unravelling the conundrum

View this article as a pdf Lisez cet article en français ici By Harriet Torlesse and Minh Tram Le Background Each annual release of the Joint Malnutrition Estimates...

FEX: Infant Feeding Patterns and Risk of Death

Summary of published paper1 Current WHO guidelines recommend that HIV positive mothers should avoid breastfeeding only if replacement feeding is acceptable, feasible,...

NEX: Nourishing Millions and Stories of Change in Nutrition

Statistics are important in fighting global hunger and malnutrition, but it is also critical not to forget the names, faces and stories of those who experience them first-hand....

FEX: UNHCR feeding programme performance in Kenya and Tanzania

Summary of research1 Settlements of new arrivals in the outskirts of Dadaab Routine monitoring data are available from the many nutrition programmes operating in camps...

FEX: Editorial

View this article as a pdf Lisez cet article en français ici A warm welcome to our 63rd edition of Field Exchange, focused on child wasting in South Asia. The idea for...

FEX: Update of UNICEF/WHO/World Bank database on child malnutrition

Summary of research1 Location: Global What we know: A joint database on child malnutrition is maintained by UNICEF, WHO and the World Bank. To date this has not included...

en-net: Studies on the transformation of the political and national programming in Comoros

Which front line nutritional interventions should be in the proposal for the way forward for nutrition in the 21st century In Southern Africa and Indian Ocean more precisely in...

NEX: Joint UNICEF/WHO/The World Bank Child malnutrition database

In September 2013 UNICEF, WHO and the World Bank updated their joint database on child malnutrition and released new global and regional estimates for 2012. For the first time,...

FEX: Supporting healthy growth in infants in low-resource settings in Mumbai, India

View this article as a pdf Lisez cet article en français ici By Rupal Dalal, Shruthi Iyer, Marian Abraham and Lahari Yaddanapudi Rupal Dalal MD FAAP IBCLC is a...

FEX: Growth faltering in rural Gambian children after four decades of interventions: a retrospective cohort study

Summary of Research1 Nabwera HM, Fulford AJ, Moore SE and Prentice AM. (2017). Growth faltering in rural Gambian children after four decades of interventions: a retrospective...

FEX: Effects of breastfeeding: Implications for Policies on HIV and Infant Feeding

Summary of published paper The recognition that HIV is transmitted through breast-milk has raised important questions about strategies that promote breastfeeding in areas of...

FEX: Longitudinal patterns of wasting and stunting – new analysis by the Knowledge Integration (KI) initiative

View this article as a pdf The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation's Knowledge Integration (KI) initiative has aggregated data from more than 190 studies on child growth and...

Close

Reference this page

Editors (). Growth faltering and recovery in children aged 1– 8 years in four low- and middle-income countries: Young Lives. Nutrition Exchange 5, May 2015. p8. www.ennonline.net/nex/5/growthfalteringrecover

(ENN_5127)

Close

Download to a citation manager

The below files can be imported into your preferred reference management tool, most tools will allow you to manually import the RIS file. Endnote may required a specific filter file to be used.