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References for Special Supplement 2

Livelihood activities in South Sudan

1. World Health Organisation (WHO), Management of Severe Malnutrition: A manual for physicians and other senior health workers. Geneva: WHO; 1999.

2. Collins S, Myatt M, Golden BE. Dietary treatment of severe malnutrition in adults. Am.J.Clin.Nutr. 1998;68:193-9.

3. Navarro-Colorado C, Fournier S, Verdenal L, Ververs M. Therapeutic Feeding Centres for severe malnutrition(letter). Lancet 2002; 359(9302):259-60.

4. Collins S. Authors reply to Navarro et Al. Lancet 2002;359:260.

5. Collins S. Changing the way we address severe malnutrition during famine (viewpoint). Lancet 2001;358:498-501.

6. Van Damme W, Boelaert M. Medical assistance to self-settled refugees in Guinea (letter). Lancet2002;359:2601.

7. CDC. Population based mortality assessment: Baidoa and Afgoi, Somalia 1992. M.M.W.R. 1992;41:913-7.

8. Collins, S. The risks of wet feeding. ENN, field exchange January, 4-5. 1998. Trinity College, Dublin.

9. Collins, S. MSF in Catastrophe. Report on MSF-Holland feeding programmes in Sudan during 1998. Valid International 1999.

10. Grobler-Tanner C., Collins, S. Community Therapeutic Care (CTC): A new approach to managing acute malnutrition in emergencies and beyond. Technical note No. 8. FANTA June 2004

11. Collins S., Yates R. The need to update the classification of acute malnutrition. Lancet 2003;362(9379):249.

12. Lurqin, E. Ambulatory treatment of severe malnutrition in Afghanistan. Field Exchange 19. 19-7-0004.

13. Navarro-Colorado, C. Treatment of severe malnutrition, from "Therapeutic Feeding Centre" to Home Based Treatment. 2003.

14. SPHERE project team. The SPHERE Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response. Geneva: The SPHERE Project; 2003.

15. UNICEF and Malawi MoH. National report of nutrition surveys, Malawi April - May 2003. 2003. Lilongwe.

16. Golden MH, Grellety Y. The management of acute, severe malnutrition; a manual for Save the Children Fund UK. 2001.

17. UNICEF. Consolidated Report of Second round of District Nutrition and Mortality Surveys in Malawi, December 2002/January 2003. Lilongwe, UNICEF.

18. Myatt, M., Feleke, T., Sadler, K., and Collins, S. A field trial of a survey method for estimating the coverage of selective feeding programs. Bulletin of the World Health Organization .In press 2004.

Weeding the household plot in South Sudan, Valid International, 2004.

19. Bandawe, C.,Kabawzi, N. Cultural and social factors affecting the implementation and success of the Community-Based Therapeutic Care (CTC) approach to treating severe malnutrition in Dowa, Malawi, Valid International, 2003.

20. Collins S, Sadler K. The outpatient treatment of severe malnutrition during humanitarian relief programmes. Lancet 2002;360:1824-30.

21. Community Based Approaches to Managing Severe Malnutrition. ENN report on the proceedings of an interagency workshop. October 2003.

22. Briend A, Lacsala R, Prudhon C, Mounier B, Grellety Y, Golden MH. Ready-to-use therapeutic food for treatment of marasmus [letter]. Lancet 1999;353(9166):1767-8.

23. Diop, El H. I., Dossou, N. I., Ndour, M. M., Briend, A., and Wade, S. Comparison of the efficacy of a solid ready to use food and a liquid milk-based diet for the rehabilitation of severely malnourished children: a randomized trial. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2003.

24. Rayes N, Seehofer D, Hansen S, Boucsein K, Muller AR, Serke S et al. Early enteral supply of lactobacillus and fiber versus selective bowel decontamination: a controlled trial in liver transplant recipients. Transplantation 2002;74(1):123-7.

25. Rayes N, Seehofer D, Muller AR, Hansen S, Bengmark S, Neuhaus P. (Influence of probiotics and fibre on the incidence of bacterial infections following major abdominal surgery - results of a prospective trial). Z.Gastroenterol. 2002;40(10):869-76.

26. Heyman M. Effect of lactic acid bacteria on diarrheal diseases. J.Am.Coll.Nutr 2000;19(2 Suppl):137S-46S.

27. Sandige H, Ndekha MJ, Briend A et al. Locally produced and imported ready-to-use food in the home-based treatment of malnourished Malawian children. J Pediatric Gastroenterology Nutr 2004; in press.

28. Bengmark S. Use of some pre-, pro- and synbiotics in critically ill patients. Best.Pract.Res.Clin Gastroenterol. 2003;17(5):833-48.

29. Topping DL, Fukushima M, Bird AR. Resistant starch as a prebiotic and synbiotic: state of the art. Proc.Nutr Soc. 2003;62(1):171-6.

30. Spier A. & Edwards M. (1990) Facing AIDS: a Strategy Manual. SYNCOM Publishers, McGregor.

31. WHO. Community Based Home Care in resource limited settings: A framework for action. World Health Organisation, 2002.

32. Dolan, Shoham, Watson. (2003) development of the national nutrition strategy for Malawi, Final report Nutrition works international public nutrition resource group.

33. Fabiani M, Accorsi S, Aleni R et al,. Estimating HIV prevalence and the impact of HIV/AIDS on a Ugandan hospital by combining serosurvey data and hospital discharge records. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2003;34(1):62-6.

34. Floyd K, Reid RA, Wilkinson D, Gilks CF. Admission trends in a rural South African hospital during the early years of the HIV epidemic. JAMA. 1999;282(11):1087-91.

35. Harries AD, Kwanjana JH, Hargreaves NJ et al,. Resources for controlling tuberculosis in Malawi. Bull World Health Organ 2001; 79(4): 329-36. Epub 2003.

36. Kessler L, Daley H, Malenga G et al,. The impact of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 on the management of severe malnutrition in Malawi. Annals of Tropical Paediatrics, 2000; 20: 50-56

37. Rogerson S.R , Gladstone M, Callghan M et al,. HIV infection among paediatric in-patients in Blantyre, Malawi. Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg.98.9 (2004): 544-52.

38. Mark Manary, MacDonald Ndekha, Heidi Sandige, Michael Ciliberto- Dublin Conference on CTC-2003

39. Mark Manary and Heidi Sandige. Field Exchange Mar 2004: Homebased therapy with RUTF in Malawi; 31 May 2004.

40. Nesbit A et al. Home based ready to use therapeutic food-Dublin Conference on CTC-2003.

41. NAC (2003. Estimating National HIV prevalence in Malawi from Sentinel Surveillance Data: Technical report. October 2003.

42. Sims R. & Moss V.A. (1995) Palliative Cure for People with AIDS, 2nd edn. Edward Arnold, London.

43. UYS L. R.. The practice of community caregivers in a home-based HIV/AIDS project in South Africa. J. Clin. Nurs 2002; 11: 99-108.

44. FANTA. Recommendations for the Nutrient Requirements for HIV Infected Persons in Resource Limited Settings. December 2003.

45. Republic of Uganda: Nutritional care and support for people living with HIV/AIDS in Uganda: guidelines for service providers. 2004

46. Nina Hellisund (Nutrition Programme Manager -MSF-Luxembourg). Personal Communication.

47. Henry J and Seyoum T. Report on development of new formulation. October 2003.

48. Miller TL. Nutritional aspects of HIV-infected children receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. AIDS 2003;17 Suppl 1:S130-S140.

49. De Waal, Whiteside, (2003) New Variant Famine: AIDS and food crisis in Southern Africa, The Lancet Vol 362 Oct 11.

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Tanya Khara and Steve Collins (2004). References for Special Supplement 2. Supplement 2: Community-based Therapeutic Care (CTC), November 2004. p55. www.ennonline.net/fex/102/references