Menu ENN Search

Rapid Assessment Method for Older People (RAM-OP): Progress Report

Summary of online field article1

This article presents a summary of an online Field Exchange article that details field testing and other ongoing development work on the Rapid Assessment Method for Older People (RAM-OP).

The first field trial of the RAM-OP method was undertaken in Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) in early 2014. This trial was reported in a previous Field Exchange article.2 Testing involved performing two surveys using the SMART method and a prototype of the RAM-OP method simultaneously in the same population and comparing the two surveys in terms of resource requirements, estimates of indicator levels, and the precision of estimates. The results of this trial informed the design of a second trial.

The second trial was undertaken in a coastal district of Tanzania in August and September 2014. This trial also compared RAM-OP and SMART simultaneously in the same population. The SMART survey method followed published guidelines. The first stage sample size for RAM-OP was reduced from twenty to twelve clusters and a within community sample of sixteen older people was taken using systematic sampling of dwellings in the villages (or parts of villages) organised as ribbons of dwellings and a random walk (EPI3) sampling strategy in villages (or parts of the villages) organised as clusters of dwellings. The EPI3 method selects the first household to be sampled using the EPI strategy (as with SMART) with subsequent households selected by choosing a random direction and selecting the third nearest house in that direction. This sampling method has been shown to give results as good as simple random samples and to be better than the unmodified EPI strategy when a wide range of indicators is being assessed.

Both trials found that SMART and RAM-OP are functionally similar methods (i.e. the two methods return similar results) and that the RAM-OP method was considerably cheaper than the SMART method. Precision of RAM-OP in the second trial remained useful but was a little worse than that achieved by the SMART survey in the same population. This could be remedied by increasing the size of the first-stage sample (i.e. to sixteen clusters) whilst decreasing the size of the second-stage sample (i.e. to twelve older people) without increasing survey costs for RAM-OP much above about 50% of an equivalent SMART survey.

The online article3 describes key elements of the RAM-OP method, presents the  results of the second trial, compares the results of the two field trials, and describes other ongoing RAM-OP development work.

Read more...

Footnotes

1See the full article at: http://bit.ly/1WEKcQt

2Pascale Fritsch, Katja Siling and Mark Myatt (2015). RAM-OP: A rapid assessment method for assessing the nutritional status, vulnerabilities, and needs of older people in emergency and development settings. Field Exchange 49, March 2015. p67. www.ennonline.net/fex/49/ramop

3See footnote 1

More like this

en-net: SMART HHs Sampling

Dear Colleagues, We are planning to conduct a SMART survey in one area in Sudan. This area is a mixture of IDPs camps and host communities with no specific arrangement of HHs...

FEX: RAM-OP: A rapid assessment method for assessing the nutritional status, vulnerabilities, and needs of older people in emergency and development settings

By Pascale Fritsch (HelpAge International), Katja Siling (VALID International), and Mark Myatt (Brixton Health) Dr Pascale Fritsch is an experienced public health specialist....

en-net: Nutrition assessment in small pieces livelihood zones

Unfortunately, our nutrition program fall under three livelihood area. The total program catchment population is about 120,000. The proportion of population in the three...

en-net: Sample size for rapid nutritional assessment of U5 using MUAC

Hi all, We would like to conduct a rapid nutritional assessment in an area affected by flood three times in the last quarter. Could anyone suggest about the size of the...

en-net: Modified EPI vs Segmentation in Urban Settings

Hello, Id like to know what is the best recommended methodology for SMART Survey in Urban Setting with large population (total population: 500,000p, pop/cluster >2000...

en-net: S3M

In looking at materials on CSAS, there are several references to S3M but I can't find anything that actually explains it. Does anyone have any resources for that? Hi Mark, I...

en-net: Is it possible to use LQAS methodology to assess the prevalence of stunting in non-emergency settings?

We are wanting to assess the prevalence of stunting in a non-emergency setting. Only stunting (height and age) and no other variables. Does anyone know if it is possible to...

en-net: Nutrition assessment for Urban population

The exiting guidelines for nutrition survey/assessment and responses are mainly focused on rural farming populations. now days, the urban population is getting...

en-net: DESIGN EFFECT FOR MULTIPLE SMART SURVEY

I need guidance on how to get a single design effect for three separate surveys done last year at Sub-county level. We need to conduct a SMART survey at County level and...

en-net: Allocation of sample by proportion

we are on process to conduct caregivers satisfaction towards the services through systematic random sampling. The plan is to conduct in five health facilities. we have...

FEX: Nutrition programme coverage: implementation strategy and lessons learnt from the Sahel trip in Chad

By Hermann Ouedraogo, Ismael Ngnie-Teta, Mahamat Bechir, Esaie Diongoto Domaya, Adama N'Diaye, Paola Valenti Hermann Ouedraogo, MPH, PhD, is Nutrition Cluster Coordinator with...

en-net: Sampling households from a community

Hi there!
I have less than a month to conduct a study. My sample size is 60 and my target population is non pregnant women between 18-49 years. I am recruiting women...

en-net: Single two-stage cluster survey in multiple livelihood zones

The current approach is to have single two-stage cluster survey by agro-ecology. If a given district has two agro-ecological zone, this means there should be two independent...

en-net: SMART on-site selection of village

In the absence of ENA software, doing on-site sampling of a district to select one village where we would do the data collection and lets say we need to visit 24 households Do...

en-net: Urgent Help!! Please!! Sampling and study design!!!

There is a project that aims to determine change in the knowledge-attitude-practice (KAP) among general public after certain intervention and after 12 months period. The design...

en-net: SMART urban sampling

We have been asked to do a SMART survey in a township of a large African city. The section is a mix of blocks with pockets of less ordered housing. We are trying to get the...

FEX: Comparison of LQAS and 30-by-30 two-stage cluster sampled survey method for the assessment of coverage indicators

By Asrat Dibaba, Charles Chimombo, Ari Uotila, Whitney King and Mark Myatt Asrat Dibaba is the Maternal, Newborn and Child Health Advisor for World Vision East Africa Region...

en-net: Sample size determination

Hi there,
I am planning a nutrition survey in an area where previous estimates indicated 45% stunting prevalence. I would like to cover the entire district so I am not...

en-net: CSAS survey for TSFP only

Dear Sir, We are planing to determine the coverage of a TSFP program that has been runing quite a while. Hence, according to the CSAS sampling, we calculated that we have to...

en-net: Sampling

I am in the process of planning an anthropometric survey and looking at a number of options. I would be interested in hearing your thoughts as to how many out of 12 hardest...

Close

Reference this page

Pascale Fritsch (HelpAge International), Katja Siling (Valid International), Ernest Guevarra (Valid International), and Mark Myatt (Brixton Health) (2016). Rapid Assessment Method for Older People (RAM-OP): Progress Report. Field Exchange 50, August 2015. p13. www.ennonline.net/fex/50/rapidassessmentolderpeople

(ENN_5044)

Close

Download to a citation manager

The below files can be imported into your preferred reference management tool, most tools will allow you to manually import the RIS file. Endnote may required a specific filter file to be used.