Menu ENN Search

Conceptual framework of food systems for children and adolescents

View this article as a pdf

Research Snapshot1

Malnutrition in all its forms – undernutrition, micronutrient deficiencies and overweight/obesity – affects all age groups across the world and children and adolescents are especially vulnerable. In low- and middle-income countries, only one quarter of young children receive a diverse diet necessary for growth and development. Access to healthy and nutritious food is important throughout the life course and there is growing recognition that the current ‘food system’ needs radical transformation to ensure nutritious, safe, affordable and sustainable diets for all. However, much of the discussion on transforming food systems has not included children and adolescents as key stakeholders. Given the unique nutritional needs of this group and their susceptibility to malnutrition, food system transformations need to explicitly incorporate this angle.

This paper proposes a new conceptual framework (the ‘Innocenti Framework’) to better articulate how the diets of children and adolescents are shaped by food systems. The food system determinants within the framework include food supply chains, external food environments, personal food environments and the behaviours of caregivers, children and adolescents. Examples of diet determinants specific to children and adolescents include the influence of schools, on both access to information and as potential buyers of healthy food products, and intra-household dynamics. The framework also conceptualises the dynamic linkages between the determinants, influencers and drivers of food systems. The structure of the framework is based on that of the more general food systems conceptual framework developed by the ‘high level panel of experts on food security and nutrition’ committee. The framework highlights the diversity of actors that influence the diets of children and adolescents and calls for greater emphasis on the governance and accountability mechanisms of these actors in order to ensure access to nutritious, safe and affordable food.

Read more...

1Raza, A, Fox, E L, Morris, S S, Kupka, R, Timmer, A, Dalmiya, N and Fanzo, J (2020) Conceptual framework of food systems for children and adolescents. Global Food Security27, p.100436.

 

More like this

FEX: Food systems for children and adolescents

View this article as a pdf This is a summary of the following special issue: Kupka, R., Morris, S., & Fox, E. (ed) (2020). Food systems for children and adolescents. Global...

FEX: Food systems for children and adolescents

View this article as a pdf Research snapshot1 Well-nourished children and adolescents are the foundation of thriving communities and nations. Undernutrition, in the form of...

FEX: Fix my food: children’s views on transforming food systems

View this article as a pdf Fleming, C. A., Chandra, S., Hockey, K., Lala, G., Munn, L., Sharma, D., & Third, A. (2021). Fix my food: children's views on transforming food...

FEX: Systems approach to prevent all forms of malnutrition among children 5-19 years

View this article as a pdf By Deepika Sharma and Vilma Tyler Deepika Sharma is a Nutrition Specialist and the focal point for the nutrition of children in school-age and...

FEX: Food systems for safe, nutritious and affordable diets in central Sahel

View this article as a pdf Lisez cet article en français ici This article provides the findings and recommendations of a literature review and a series of...

FEX: Policy brief on engagement between public and private sectors for nutrition

Summary of research1 Location: Global What we know: Worldwide 'nutrition transition', including in low-middle income countries is leading to increasing consumption of...

FEX: Food systems and how they relate to malnutrition in low- and middle-income countries

View this article as a pdf This is a summary of the following report: ENN (2021) Food systems and how they relate to malnutrition in low- and middle-income countries. Oxford,...

FEX: UNICEF programming guidance: Nutrition in middle childhood and adolescence

View this article as a pdf UNICEF (2021). UNICEF programming guidance: Nutrition in middle childhood and adolescence. Available from:...

FEX: UNICEF Nutrition Strategy 2020-2030

View this article as a pdf Report Summary1 In December 2020, UNICEF published its new Nutrition Strategy, to guide the next ten years of its nutrition related activities. The...

en-net: What constitutes a ‘balanced diet’ to protect against infection?

Question escalated to the prevention workstream of the Wasting TWG. What constitutes a 'balanced diet' to protect against infection - on a practical level, how can this...

FEX: Children eating well in cities: A roadmap for action to support nutritious diets and healthy environments for all children in urban settings

View this article as a pdf Report summary1 New forces are influencing the global burden of child malnutrition. One such force is that of urbanisation, as people around the...

FEX: Report of the South Asia ‘Stop stunting: Improving Young Children’s Diets’ conference

View this article as a pdf Report summary1 The third regional conference on stunting hosted by the Secretariat of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)...

FEX: Food system transformation

View this article as a pdf This is a summary of the following paper: Fanzo J, Haddad L, Schneider K, Béné C, Covic, N, Guarin A et al (2021) Viewpoint: Rigorous...

FEX: Risk of nutritional deficiencies increases during female adolescence – a comparison of the cost of a nutritious diet across sex and age

View this article as a pdf By Zuzanna Turowska, Janosch Klemm, Nora Hobbs and Saskia de Pee Zuzanna Turowska is a Food Systems Analyst in the Nutrition Division of the World...

Leveraging the power of multiple systems to improve diets and feeding practices in early life in South Asia

View this article as a pdf Zivai Murira is the Nutrition Specialist at UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia, based in Kathmandu, Nepal. Harriet Torlesse is the Regional...

NEX: ‘True Sri Lankan Taste’ food outlets: Promoting indigenous foods for healthier diets

Lisez cet article en français ici View this article as a pdf Disna Rathnasinghe is Additional Director in Agribusiness Development in the Department of Agriculture,...

FEX: Future Food Systems: For people, our planet and prosperity

On the 29th September 2020, the Global Panel on Agriculture and Food Systems for Nutrition released its second foresight report entitled 'Future Food Systems: For people, our...

FEX: “I’m courageous”: a social entrepreneurship programme promoting a healthy diet in young Indonesian people

View this article as a pdf Lisez cet article en français ici By Cut Novianti Rachmi, Dhian Probhoyekti Dipo, Eny Kurnia Sari, Lauren Blum, Aang Sutrisna, Gusta Pratama...

FEX: Promoting youth leadership on nutrition through junior parliamentarians and junior council engagement in Zimbabwe

View this article as a pdf By Progress Katete, Kudakwashe Zombe and Dexter Chagwena Progress Katete is a United Nations Volunteer Nutrition Specialist at UNICEF. She has...

FEX: Preventing teen pregnancies and supporting pregnant teenagers in Ecuador

View this article as a pdf By Sara Bernardini, Geraldine Honton, Laura Irizarry, Jesús Sanz, Estefanía Castillo, Carmen Guevara and Lorena Andrade Sara...

Close

Reference this page

Conceptual framework of food systems for children and adolescents. Field Exchange 65, May 2021. p72. www.ennonline.net/fex/65/frameworkfoodsystems

(ENN_7066)

Close

Download to a citation manager

The below files can be imported into your preferred reference management tool, most tools will allow you to manually import the RIS file. Endnote may required a specific filter file to be used.