Menu ENN Search

Participatory risk analysis and integrated interventions to increase resilience of pastoral communities in Northern Kenya

Shoats accessing water from the newly constructed trough in Tana location, Isiolo CountySummary of Field Exchange 49 article by Daniel Nyabera, Charles Matemo and Muriel Calo

In Kenya, livestock production in the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs) accounts for nearly 95% of household income. However, cyclical droughts continue to threaten livestock production and can contribute to the gradual erosion of community resilience and traditional coping strategies. In the 2011-2013 drought response in Northern Kenya, Action Against Hunger (ACF) intervened in Merti and Garbatulla Districts as part of a USAID-supported Arid and Marginal Lands Recovery Consortium (ARC). More than 85% of these districts were drought affected and up to 70% of livestock were lost due to worsening pasture and grazing conditions. ACF conducted a participatory risk analysis and integrated interventions to improve livelihoods and drought preparedness. Activities were carried out in three priority areas, as identified by affected communities:

(i)      Rangeland regeneration

Actions to regenerate rangeland (i.e. open country used for grazing and hunting) included community resource mapping and stakeholder analysis, revitalisation of community rangeland management institutions to protect areas vulnerable to degradation, cash-for-work (CFW) to re-seed and enclose vulnerable areas, training and the planning of on-going activities to protect regenerated pastures. A total of nine reserve pastures of 12 hectares each were regenerated, which improved access to fodder for at least 23,000 livestock.

(ii)     Water harvesting for livestock

The CFW activity was established to support the rehabilitation and construction of livestock water points. An estimated 186,440 livestock and 40,845 livestock owners benefited from rehabilitated or newly constructed water sources including water pans, shallow wells, boreholes, water storage tanks and livestock water troughs. In total, 1359 people participated in CFW water point rehabilitation and construction activities.

(iii)    Improving livestock markets

Livestock market locations within migratory routes were identified through participatory decision-making activities. Two livestock markets were rehabilitated and Livestock Market Management Committees were established to manage them on an on-going basis.  

In June 2012, ACF partnered with other Non-Governmental Organisations to lobby for a livestock market co-management model in which local communities share the management of livestock markets with the county council. This model has so far been adopted in one county, which has already served to increase revenue and reduce operation and maintenance costs. 

The project showed that, even in emergency contexts, interventions can and should seek to build and develop local capacities to manage livestock assets, using local structures, knowledge and good practice, in addition to providing more classic short term emergency assistance such as destocking or feed and water distribution. Cash can also be an important tool to engage communities in rehabilitation.

More like this

FEX: Participatory risk analysis and integrated interventions to increase resilience of pastoral communities in Northern Kenya

By Daniel Nyabera, Charles Matemo and Muriel Calo Daniel Nyabera is Food Security and Livelihoods Programme Manager, ACF-US, Yemen Mission. Daniel has over nine years of...

FEX: Oxfam’s Somaliland-Ethiopia Cross Border Drought Preparedness Project

By Abay Bekele Abay Bekele works for Oxfam GB as Senior Pastoral Programme Manager. He has over nine years of technical and managerial experience in pastoral development and...

FEX: Linking early warning system information to response

The emergency livestock off-take programme, Isiolo district 1996-7 By Helen Bushell and Mike Wekesa Isiolo - A trader admires the animals he has purchased Helen Bushell is a...

FEX: Destocking to improve food security in drought - prone Ethiopia

By Dereje Adugna Tieke Dereje is an Emergency Response & Transition Program Officer for CARE Ethiopia, with sixteen years of field experience in development work and emergency...

FEX: Lessons on Cash for Work in Somalia

Summary of published research1 Community work in the CFW programme in Boden A recent paper published in Disasters describes the experience of Action Contre la Faim's (ACF)...

FEX: Introduction (Special Supplement 3)

Glossary AAH Action Against Hunger ACF Action Contre la Faim ACF-E ACF-Spain ALDEF Arid Lands Development Focus AREN Association pour la Revitalisation de l'Elevage...

FEX: Issues and challenges for livelihoods programming in emergencies (Special Supplement 3)

8.1 Introduction The previous sections of this supplement have highlighted various challenges in livelihood support programming in emergencies. Most of these are within the...

FEX: Support for primary production (Special Supplement 3)

7.1 Introduction This section focuses on supporting agricultural production, in particular farming and livestock production, as livelihood strategies. Production support can...

FEX: Income and employment support (Special Supplement 3)

5.1 Introduction The provision of cash as an emergency response has the potential to impact on all elements of the livelihoods framework by providing the means to protect or...

FEX: Undernutrition risk factors and their interplay with nutrition outcomes: nutrition causal analysis pilot in Kenya

By Kristy Manners, Muriel Calo, Imelda Awino and Jacob Korir Kristy Manners specialises in Nutrition and Public Health and has worked extensively in the horn of Africa. She is...

FEX: Nutrition sensitive multi-sectoral planning: experiences on Link Nutrition Causal Analysis Kenya

By Kevin Mutegi and Jacob Korir Kevin Mutegi is currently working with Action Against Hunger (ACF-USA) Kenya mission as Food Security and Nutrition Surveillance Programme...

FEX: An overview of REST’s implementation of the Productive Safety Net Programme

By The Relief Society of Tigray (REST) Mekelle Team The Relief Society of Tigray (REST) has been in existence in Ethiopia for over 30 years, starting out as a relatively small...

FEX: Emergency Food Security and Livelihoods Project in Amhara and Oromia regions

By Shekar Anand, Oxfam Shekar is Programme Director for Oxfam GB in Ethiopia. Past experience includes working with OXFAM, CARE, CIDA, and Government in Aceh, India, Zimbabawe...

FEX: Market-led Livelihood Recovery and Enhancement Programme and integrating ENAs

By Andrew Simons, Daniel Gebeyehu, Getachew Gemtesa and Markos Kidane Andrew Simons is the National Programme Director for Food for the Hungry (FH) Ethiopia. He holds an...

FEX: Post-drought restocking Can its impact be sustainable?

By Ahmed Alkadir Mohammed Ahmed Alkadir Mohammed is currently a Disaster Risk Management Specialist with the World Bank, Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) Team. Prevously...

NEX: Experiences of ACF in Nutrition Causal Analysis in Bangladesh and Kenya

This summary combines two articles by ACF published in Field Exchange 49. One article on Bangladesh (by Marijka van Klinken, Matthew Parnaby, Paulina Acosta and Julien...

FEX: Seasonal Trends in Pastoral Malnutrition in Somalia

By Louise Masese Mwirigi and Joseph Waweru Ms Lousie Masese-Mwirigi works as a Nutrition Analyst for the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (UNFAO) - Food...

FEX: Livelihoods analysis and identifying appropriate interventions (Special Supplement 3)

3.1 Livelihoods assessment and analysis in emergencies The livelihoods framework provides a tool for analysing people's livelihoods and the impact of specific threats or shocks...

FEX: Editorial

Dear readers, Following ENN's bumper issue of Field Exchange on the response to the Syria crisis (issue 48) this issue has reverted to our more normal non-thematic format...

FEX: Improving food and nutrition security for households with underweight children in Taita Taveta County, Kenya

By Dancliff Mbura, Caroline Chiedo, Fridah Mutea and Amelia Reese-Masterson Amelia Reese-Masterson is Research Advisor at IMC, providing technical guidance and oversight for...

Close

Reference this page

Editors (2016). Participatory risk analysis and integrated interventions to increase resilience of pastoral communities in Northern Kenya. Nutrition Exchange 5, May 2015. p18. www.ennonline.net/nex/5/participatoryriskanalysiskenya

(ENN_5134)

Close

Download to a citation manager

The below files can be imported into your preferred reference management tool, most tools will allow you to manually import the RIS file. Endnote may required a specific filter file to be used.