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NEW: Visit the IYCF-E HUB established in May 2021 for a global, comprehensive and interactive repository of essential IYCF-E resources! 

For a list of key IYCF-E resources and platforms compiled as part of the IFE Core Groups Ukraine response see the linked document. 

Alternatively, find below a list of key resources as listed in the Operational Guidance on IYCF-E


IYCF-E Resources



1.       IYCF-E Toolkit. Version 3. Save the Children, 2017. English, with core documents in French and Arabic. A collection of information and practical resources to enable rapid start-up and implementation of IYCF-E programmes in an emergency. This is a general resource which spans all sections below; however particularly relevant resources are highlighted within each section. 


Global and National Strategy

2.       IYCF-E Toolkit. Version 3. Section A: Policy. Save the Children, 2017. 

3.       Comprehensive implementation plan on maternal, infant and young child nutrition. Action plan illustrating priority actions that should be jointly implemented by member states and international partners to achieve six global nutrition targets by 2025. WHO, 2014. Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish. 

4.       Guiding Principles for Feeding Infants and Young Children During Emergencies. World Health Organization, 2004. English. 

5.       Global Strategy for IYCF. WHO and UNICEF, 2003. Arabic, Chinese, English, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Russian, Spanish. Provides the main framework for WHO’s actions to promote breastfeeding and complementary feeding. 

6.       Planning Guide for National Implementation of the Global Strategy for IYCF. WHO and UNICEF, 2007. English. Proposes a step-wise process to develop a country-specific strategy. 

7.       Safeguarding against possible conflicts of interest in nutrition programmes: Approach for the prevention and management of conflicts of interest in the policy development and implementation of nutrition programmes at country level

Global Policy

8.       Policy Guidance: Priority Nutrition Interventions and Cross-Cutting Approaches in Latin America and the Caribbean. The World Bank, 2011. English. Working paper describing priority nutrition interventions and cross-cutting approaches that are essential to promote and protect nutritional status of mothers and children as well as a country’s human capital in the short, medium and long terms. 

9.       The International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes. WHO,1981 and subsequent relevant World Health Assembly Resolutions (the Codesee definition). Arabic, English, French, Spanish and many others. 

10.     The International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes – 2017 Update. Frequently Asked Questions. WHO, 2017. Chinese, English, Russian, Spanish. Easy-to-read detailed information on specific questions related to the Code. 

11.     WHA Resolution: Guidance on Ending the Inappropriate Promotion of Foods for Infants and Young Children. 69th WHA A69/7 Add.1. 2016. English. Covers commercially produced foods and beverages, including complementary foods marketed as suitable for feeding children up to 36 months of age. 

12.     WHA Resolution on the Inappropriate Promotion of Foods for Infants and Young Children: Policy Brief. World Health Organization, UNICEF, Save the Children, IBFAN, & Helen Keller International, 2016. English. 

Organisational Policy

13.     Model Joint Statement on IFE. IFE Core Group, 2017. English. Generic statement for adaptation. 

14.     Core Commitments for Children in Humanitarian Action. UNICEF, 2010. Global framework for humanitarian action for children undertaken by UNICEF and its partners. 

15.     Global Nutrition Targets 2025: Breastfeeding Policy Brief. WHO and UNICEF, 2014. English. 

16.     IFE Generic Policy. IFE Core Group, 2008. An example of an IFE policy based on the Operational Guidance. 

17.     IYCF-E Position Paper 2.0. ACF, 2016. English. 

18.     IYCF-E Position Paper. ILCA, 2014. English. 

19.     IYCF-E Position Paper. Save the Children, 2016. English. 

20.     Milk Policy. World Vision, 2011. English. 

21.     Sample Infant Feeding Policies. UNICEF UK. English. Sample maternity, health visiting and neonatal policies and self-assessment checklists which reflect Baby Friendly Standards.

22.     UNHCR Policy Related to the Acceptance, Distribution, and Use of Milk Products in Refugee Settings. UNHCR, ENN, IFE Core Group and the Institute of Child Health, 2006. 

Minimum Standards

23.     Core Humanitarian Standard on Quality and Accountability (CHS)CHS Alliance, Groupe URD and The SPHERE Project, 2014. Arabic, English, French, Spanish and many others. A voluntary code that describes the essential elements of principled, accountable and quality humanitarian action. 

24.     The Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organisations in Disaster Relief. IFCR, 1994. Arabic, English, French, Spanish and other languages. 

25.     The Sphere Handbook. 2011. Arabic, English, French and many other languages. Includes IYCF-E Standards. Revised version out in 2018. 



26.     IYCF-E Toolkit. Version 3. Section G: Orientation and Training. Save the Children, 2017


27.     Breastfeeding Counselling: A Training Course. UNICEF and WHO, 1993. English, French, Russian and Spanish. Aimed at health workers. 

28.     Breastfeeding E-Learning Modules. Toronto Public Health. English. 12 online modules aimed at supporting health care professionals to provide evidence-based breastfeeding services and create a baby friendly environment. 

29.     Combined Course on Growth Assessment and IYCF Counselling. WHO, 2012. English. Aimed at health workers in PHC setting and lay counsellors. 

30.     Complementary Feeding Counselling: A Training Course. WHO, 2004. English. For health workers who work with caregivers of young children from 6 to 24 months of age. 

31.     Infant Feeding in Emergencies Module 2 for Health and Nutrition Worker in Emergency Situations for Training, Practice and Reference. Version 1.1. Aims to provide those directly involved with infants and carers with the basic knowledge and skills to support safe and appropriate IYCF. ENN, IBFAN-GIFA, Fondation Terre des Hommes, CARE USA, Action Contre la Faim, UNICEF, UNHCR, WHO, WFP, Linkages, 2007. Arabic, Bahasa, English, French.

32.     IYCF Counselling: An Integrated Course. UNICEF, 2006. English, Spanish and Russian. Note: This five-day course does not replace the Breastfeeding Counselling (24) and Complementary Feeding Counselling (27) courses, but is an integrated course to equip health workers and lay counsellors with time limitations with the necessary basics. 

33.     IYCF: Model Chapter for Textbooks for Medical Students and Allied Health Professionals. WHO, 2009. English and Spanish. Basic training on essential knowledge and basic skills for health professional working with mothers and young children. 

34.     Online Videos. Global Health Media. English, French, Spanish and many other languages. Training aids: Breastfeeding and Small Baby series. 


35.     Designing for Behaviour Change: For Agriculture, Natural Resource Management, Health and Nutrition. TOPS and Core Group, 2013. English, French and Spanish. Six-day curriculum. 

36.     Harmonised Training Package (HTP) Module 17: IYCF. Version 2. ENN and Nutrition Works. 2011. English. A resource for trainers in the Nutrition in Emergencies (NiE) sector, can also be used by individuals to increase their technical knowledge of the sector. 

37.     IYCF-E Orientation Package. Emergency Nutrition Network and IFE Core Group, 2010. English. Targeted at emergency relief staff, programme managers and technical staff involved in planning and responding to emergencies at national and international level. Includes e-learning.

38.     IYCF-E 5-Day Training Course. Save the Children, 2017. English and French. Adaptable training course aimed at developing the skills and knowledge needed to establish and implement IYCF-E programmes in line with agreed sector-wide approaches and standards.

39.     Programming for IYCF – a Training Course. UNICEF and Cornell University. E-learning aimed at programme managers. English. 

40.     Public Health Guide for Emergencies. Chapter 9: Food Security and Nutrition in Emergencies. Second Edition. The Johns Hopkins and IFRC and Red Crescent Societies, 2008. English. Reference manual on the management of emergency nutrition field situations for humanitarian workers and medical professionals. 


41.     Caring for Newborns and Children in the Community. Package of Resources. WHO, 2015. English. Consists of three courses aimed at increasing the coverage of household and community interventions that will reduce newborn and child mortality and promote healthy growth and development, including through IYCF. Includes counselling cards and photo booklet. 

42.     Engaging Grandmothers to Improve Nutrition: A training manual and guide for dialogue group mentors. IYCN, 2011. English and Portuguese. Designed for training grandmothers to serve as dialogue group mentors for discussions on family care and maternal and child nutrition. 

43.     IYCF and Gender: A training manual and participant manual for male group leaders. IYCN, 2011. English. For training male group leaders to share information and encourage discussions on gender roles related to IYCF practices. 

44.     Measuring and Promoting Child Growth. World Vision, 2011. English. Three-day training on community-level growth monitoring and promotion.

45.     Mobilizing Communities for Improved Nutrition: A manual and Guide for Training Community Leaders. IYCN, 2011. English and Portuguese. Step-by-step instructions for facilitating a one-day workshop with community leaders. 

46.     Mother-to-Mother Support Groups: Trainer’s Manual and Facilitator’s Manual with Discussion Guide. IYCN, 2011. English and Portuguese. For training mother-to-mother support group facilitators to lead participatory discussions on maternal, infant, and young child nutrition.

47.     Supportive Supervision / Mentoring and Monitoring for Community IYCF. UNICEF, 2013. English. One-day training; includes adaptable tools and monitoring forms. 

48.     The Community IYCF Counselling Package. UNICEF, 2013. English and French. Generic tools for local adaptation; includes counselling cards. 

Assessment and Research

49.     Introduction to Qualitative Research Methodology: A Training Manual. Aimed primarily at non-social scientists working in low and middle-income settings. Kielmann, K., Cataldo, F. and Seeley, J. – DFID, 2012. English. 

50.     Humanitarian Needs Assessment Training. Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, 2016. English. E-learning.

General Humanitarian Response

51.     Building a Better Response. The Humanitarian Academy at Harvard. English. E-learning for understanding the structure and function of the international humanitarian architecture. 

52.     Communicating with Disaster Affected Communities. CDAC Network. English. E-learning about key components of effective communication with crisis-affected communities. 

53.     Disaster Ready. Online learning library. Arabic, French, Spanish. 

54.     Harvard Humanitarian Initiative E-Learning



55.     IYCF-E Toolkit. Version 3. Section 1: Coordination and Communications. Arabic, English and French, 2017.

Humanitarian Response Planning and Coordination

56.     Nutrition Cluster Handbook: A Practical Guide for Country-Level Action. Global Nutrition Cluster, 2017. English. Under revision. 

57.     Tips on Nutrition Interventions for the Humanitarian Response Plan. Nutrition Cluster, 2016. English. Provides tips for nutrition clusters to facilitate the planning of a collective response and the development of Nutrition in Emergencies (including IYCF-E) interventions.

Communications and Advocacy

58.     Advocacy Toolbox. Alive and Thrive. English. 

59.     Breastfeeding Advocacy Initiative: For the Best Start in Life. WHO and UNICEF, 2016. 

60.     Breastfeeding Series. The Lancet, 2016. English. 

61.     From the First Hour of Life: A New Report on IYCF. UNICEF, 2016. English, French, Spanish. 

62.     IYCF-E Orientation Video. Save the Children, 2017. English. A three-minute introductory video aimed at laypersons involved with the European Refugee Crisis. Also applicable to other crises. 

63.     Importance of IYCF-E Programming Video. Save the Children, 2017. English. A three-minute video explaining why IYCF-E is important, what constitutes optimal IYCF practices and how optimal IYCF-E programming can be implemented.

64.     Mass Communication Toolbox. Alive and Thrive. English. 

65.     Media Guide on IYCF-E. IFE Core Group, 2007. Arabic, English, French, German, Italian and Spanish

66.     Supporting Breastfeeding in Emergencies: Protecting Women’s Reproductive Rights and Maternal and Infant Health. Gribble, K., McGrath, M., MacLaine, A., Lhotska, L. (2011) 

67.     See also: 13 (Joint Statement).

Assessment and Monitoring

Assessment and Monitoring

68.     IYCF-E Toolkit. Version 3. Section B: Assessing the Need. Save the Children, 2017. 


69.     Humanitarian Indicators Registry. English. A guidance tool to select indicators. 

70.     Indicators for Assessing IYCF Practices. Part 1: Definitions. WHO, UNICEF, USAID, AED, UCDAVIS, IFPRI, 2008. English, French and Spanish. 

71.     Indicators for assessing breastfeeding practices. WHO, 1991. English and French. Meeting report outlining consensus reached on indicators derived from household survey data. 

72.     From-the-first-hour-of-life. Making the case for improved infant and young child feeding everywhere. UNICEF 2016. 

73.     See also: 57 (Tips on Nutrition Interventions)


74.     Guidelines for Estimating the Month and Year of Birth of Young Children. FAO, 2008. English. 

75.     Talking about Child Age: A Briefing. IFE Core Group, 2012. English. Aimed at improving understanding and accuracy of using age in surveys and when talking to mothers. 

Collecting Data (Assessment)

76.     Fact Sheet on IYCF Practices Assessment in Emergencies. Tech RRT, 2016. English and French. 

77.     Indicators for Assessing IYCF Practices. Part 2: Measurement. WHO, UNICEF, USAID, AED, UCDAVIS, IFPRI, 2010. English, French. Tools and explanation for the collection of indicators. 

78.     IYCF Practices. Collecting and Using Data: A Step-by-Step Guide. Care, 2010. Includes generic questionnaire. English.

79.     The Use of Epidemiological Tools in Conflict-Affected Populations. LSHTM. Short discussions of various key topics in field epidemiology as applied to humanitarian emergencies. Includes Ethical Issues in Data Collection. 

80.     World Breastfeeding Trends. WBTi. English. Reports on the state of IYCF policy and programming in 84 countries. 

In-depth Assessment

81.     A Guide to Using Qualitative Research Methodology. MSF-OCA and LSHTM, 2007. English. 

82.     A Practical Guide to Conducting Barrier Analysis. Bonnie Kittle, 2013. Arabic, English, French and Spanish. 

83.     Conducting KAP Surveys: A Learning Document Based on KAP Failures. ACF, 2013. English. 

84.     Formative Research: A Guide to Support the Collection and Analysis of Qualitative Data for Integrated Maternal and Child Nutrition Programme Planning. CARE, 2014. English. Basic information and tools needed to conduct and analyse qualitative research, in particular to improve MIYCN combined with household food security interventions. 

85.     Guidelines for Assessing Nutrition-Related Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices. FAO, 2014. English. 

86.     Standardised Expanded Nutrition Survey (SENS) Guidelines for Refugee Populations. Module 3: IYCF. Version 2. UNHCR, 2013. English. Standardised methodology to conduct annual nutrition surveys. 

87.     The Basics: Planning for Formative Research for Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices. IYCN, 2011. English. Intended to assist researchers who are already familiar with formative research methods in conducting formative assessments for IYCF programmes. 


88.     Counselling Supervision Checklist and Guidelines. IYCN, 2011. English. A tool for supervisors to measure health workers’ knowledge and record their behaviours during counselling sessions. 

89.     Exit Interview Questionnaire and Guidelines. IYCN, 2011. English. Assists programme managers in assessing the quality of counselling services and client satisfaction. 

90.     IYCF Practices Monitoring Tool and Guide. IYCN, 2011. English. Tool for community workers to track individual behaviours and help monitor progress in achieving key IYCF behaviours. 

91.     IYCF-E Toolkit. Version 3. Section H: Monitoring and Supervision. Arabic, English and French, 2017. 

92.     Multi-Sectoral Monitoring . ACF, 2016. English and French. 


93.     Participation Handbook for Humanitarian Field Workers – Involving Crisis Affected People in Humanitarian Response. ALNAP and Groupe URD, 2009. English. 

94.     Community Driven Participation in Humanitarian Relief Programming. ACF, 2006. English. 


95.     A Guide to Developing a Knowledge Management Strategy for a Food Security and Nutrition Programme. TOPS and FSN Network, 2016. English. Practical guidance for staff at different levels on developing a strategy that focuses on improving performance and quality of implementation. 

96.     Toolbox: Strategic Use of Data. Alive and Thrive. English. 

Multi-sector Interventions

Multi-sector Interventions

97.     IYCF-E Toolkit. Version 3. D: Programme Planning . Save the Children, 2017.

IYCF Counselling

98.     Individual Level Rapid and Full IYCF Assessment. A selection of various assessment forms – may need to be adapted to local context and programming. ENN

99.     Responsive Feeding Info Sheet. UNICEF UK BFI. English. Covers both responsive breastfeeding and bottle-feeding. 

100.   See also: 27 (Counselling). (Breastfeeding E-Learning Modules; Module 2, Part 3 – Assessment of Mother/Child Pair.)

101. See also: 8.3 (Training).


102.   B-R-E-A-S-T Observation Form. English. 

103.   Breastfeeding Answers. La Leche League. English. Various resources covering a variety of breastfeeding issues. 

104.   Breastfeeding Assessment Tools. UNICEF UK BFI. English. Tools for mothers, midwives and community health workers. 

105.   Clinical Protocols. Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine. English. Guidelines for clinicians. 

106.   Handling and Storage of Human Milk. CDC, 2016. English. 

107.   How to Keep Your Breast Pump Kit Clean: The Essentials. CDC, 2017. English and Spanish. 

108.   Relactation: Review of Experiences and Recommendations for Practice. WHO, 1998. English, French and Spanish. 

Artificial Feeding

109.   Acceptable Medical Reasons for the Use of BMS. WHO, 2009. English, Spanish and Portuguese. 

110.   Infant Formula Resources. UNICEF UK BFI. English. Includes guidance for parents and health workers. 

Special Circumstances

111.   Checklist for determining HIV status for children 0 – 59 months with SAM. English. UNICEF, 2015. 

112.   Guidelines on optimal feeding of low birth-weight infants in low- and middle-income countries. WHO, 2011. English. Recommendations on what to feed low birth weight infants, when to start feeding, how to feed, how often and how much to feed.    

113.   Guidelines on HIV and Infant Feeding: Principles and recommendations for infant feeding in the context of HIV and a summary of evidence. WHO, 2010. English. 

114.   Guideline Updates on HIV and Infant Feeding. WHO and UNICEF, 2016. The 2016 guideline does not reflect all WHO recommendations related to HIV and infant feeding but only the areas to which the WHO Guideline Development Group gave priority for updating. The recommendations included in the WHO 2010 guidelines on HIV and infant feeding remain valid except as noted in the 2016 update. English. 

115.   HIV and Infant Feeding in Emergencies: Operational Guidance. WHO, 2017.

116.   Community Management of Uncomplicated Acute Malnutrition in Infants < 6 Months of Age (C-MAMI Tool). Version 1. ENN and LSHTM, 2015. English. 

Complementary Feeding

117.   Current and Potential Role of Specially Formulated Foods and Food Supplements for preventing malnutrition among 6-23 month old children and for treating moderate malnutrition among 6- to 59-month old children. De Pee, S., and Bloem, M., 2009. English. 

118.   Guiding Principles for Complementary Feeding of the Breastfed Child. PAHO and WHO, 2003. English. 

119.   Guiding Principles for Feeding Non-Breastfed Children 6-24 months of age. WHO, 2005. English, French, Spanish. 

120.   Revised Codex Alimentarius Guidelines on Formulated Complementary Foods for Older Infants and Young Children. Codex, 2013. English. 

Maternal Nutrition

121.   Maternal Nutrition Dietary Guide. LINKAGES. English. 

122.   Maternal Nutrition for Women and Girls. Technical Guidance Brief. USAID, 2014. English. 


123.   Dealing with Diarrhoea in Children in Refugee, Emergency and Development Situations in The Context of Micronutrient Powder Use. Technical Brief. WFP and DSM, 2010. English. 

124.   Joint Statement on Preventing and Controlling Micronutrient Deficiencies in Populations affected by an Emergency. WHO, WFP and UNICEF, 2007. English. 

125.   UNHCR Operational Guidance on the Use of Special Nutritional Products to Reduce Micronutrient Deficiencies and Malnutrition in Refugee Populations. UNHCR, UCL, ENN, 2011. English. 

126.   Use of Multiple Micronutrient Powders for Point-of-Use Fortification of Foods Consumed by Infants and Young Children aged 6-23 months and children aged 2-12 years: Guideline. WHO, 2016. English. 

127.   Vitamin A supplementation for infants and children 6-59 months of age. WHO, 2011. Arabic, English, Chinese, French. 

128.   Use of multiple micronutrient powders for point-of-use fortification of foods consumed by pregnant women. WHO, 2016. English. 


129.   Emergency Preparedness for those who care for Infants in Developed Country Contexts. Gribble, K. and Berry, N., 2011. English. 

130.   See also: 8.2 (Policy) (Including UNICEF Core Commitments to Children).

IYCF-E Programming

131.  Baby Friendly Spaces: Holistic Approach for Pregnant, Lactating Women and their very young children in Emergency. ACF, 2014. English from: 

132.   Care Groups: A Reference Guide for Practitioners. TOPS, Food for the Hungry, CORE Group and World Relief, 2016. English. 

133.   Interim Operational Considerations for the Feeding Support of Infants and Young Children under 2 years of Age in Refugee and Migrant Transit Settings in Europe. UNICEF, UNHCR, Save the Children, ENN, 2015. English and Greek.

134.   IYCF Programming Guide. UNICEF, 2011. English. 

135.   IYCF-E Guidance for Programming. ECHO, 2014. English. 

136.   The CDC Guide to Support Breastfeeding Mothers and Babies. CDC, 2013 English. Describes evidence based interventions. 

Behaviour Change

137.   Behaviour Change Communication in Emergencies: A Toolkit. UNICEF ROSA, 2006. English. 

138.   Improving Exclusive Breastfeeding Practices by using Communication for Development in IYCF Programmes. UNICEF, 2010. English. 

139.   Make Me a Change Agent: A Multisectoral SBC Resource for Community Workers and Field Staff. TOPS and CORE Group, 2015. English, French and Spanish. Aimed at building skills of community level workers to be more effective behaviour change promoters. 

140.   Toolbox: Interpersonal Communication and Community Mobilisation. Alive and Thrive. English. 

Mainstreaming within Nutrition

141.   CMAM Toolkit. Version 3. Save the Children, 2017. English, French. A collection of tools and resources needed to begin implementation of CMAM programmes, including tools to assist in the integration of IYCF-E activities into a CMAM programme

142.   Behaviour Change Communication in Emergencies: A Toolkit. WHO, 2013. English and Farsi. Compact of WHO guidance on nutrition interventions targeting the first 1000 days of life. 

143.   Guideline: updates on the management of severe acute malnutrition in infants and children. WHO, 2013. This guideline presents the updated evidence and practice for key interventions and will also serve to inform revisions of the 1999 manual. 

144.   Guidelines for the integrated management of severe acute malnutrition: in- and out-patient treatment. ACF, 2011. English. 

145.   Integration of IYCF Support into CMAM. ENN and IFE Core Group, 2009. Includes training materials.

146.   Management of severe malnutrition: a manual for physicians and other senior health workers. Geneva, World Health Organisation,1999. Full text in English: 

147.   Moderate Acute Malnutrition: A Decision Tool for Emergencies. MAM Task Force, 2014. English. 

148.   Nutrition Programme Design Assistant: A Tool for Program Planners. Version 2. CORE Group Nutrition Working Group, FANTA and Save the Children, 2015. English. Helps program planning teams select appropriate community-based nutrition approaches for specific target areas. Includes a workbook. 

149.   NUTVAL. An ExCel application for use and planning and monitoring food aid rations.


150.   Disabilities Among Refugees and Conflict Affected Populations: Resource Kit for Field Workers. WRC, 2008. English. 

151.   Disability and Emergency Risk Management for Health. Guidance Note. UNICEF, WHO, UNISDR, CBM, ICRC and IOM, 2013. English. 

152.   Including Children and Adolescents with Disabilities in Humanitarian Action. Nutrition Guidance. UNICEF. 

153.   Minimum Standards and Guidelines on Age and Disability in Emergencies. ADCAP, 2015. English. 


154.   Breastfeeding and Gender Equality: Advocacy Brief. UNICEF and WHO, 2016. English. 

155.   Gender Marker Tip Sheet: Nutrition. IASC, 2011. English. To help design quality nutrition projects that reflect the distinct needs of women, girls, boys and men. 

156.   See also: 43 (IYCF and Gender).


157.   Development Sector Adjacency Map: A Planning Tool for Integrated Development. FHI 360. English. Planning tool to help those working in a certain sector determine which adjacencies are important to consider. 

158.   IYCF Framework. UNHCR and Save the Children, 2017. English and French. Guidance on what needs to be considered to create an IYCF-E Friendly environment and facilitate recommended IYCF-E practices in refugee situations, with practical examples of multi-sector integration of IYCF-sensitive activities and how IYCF can contribute to the priorities of different sectors. 

159.   IYCF Framework Video. UNHCR and Save the Children, 2017. English. A three-minute video introducing the IYCF Framework using examples of multi-sector activities. 


160.   Baby WASH. Baby Wash Coalition. English. Focused on integration between WASH, ECD, nutrition and MNCH programming to improve wellbeing for the first 1000 days. 

161.   How to integrate WASH and MHCP Activities for Better Humanitarian Projects. ACF, 2014. English. 

162.   Improving Nutrition Outcomes with Better WASH: Practical Solutions for Policy and Programmes. WHO, USAID and UNICEF, 2015. An overview of the evidence of nutrition gains that can be achieved with improved WASH, a description of key WASH practices, and practical knowledge and guidance on how to integrate WASH into nutrition programmes. 

163.   Nutrition-WASH Toolkit: Guide for Practical Joint Actions. UNICEF EAPRO, 2016. English. 

164.   WASH ‘Nutrition: A Practical Guidebook on Increasing Nutritional Impact through Integration of WASH and Nutrition Programmes. ACF and UNICEF, 2017. English. 

165.   WASH in Nut Strategy. Regional WASH Group, West and Central Africa, 2015. English and French. Regional inter-sector strategy which can also be adapted and applied more broadly beyond the region. 

166.   WASH Minimum Standards and Guidelines for Rural Health Facilities and Nutritional Centres in Resource-Poor Environments. ACF, 2016. English. 


167.   Child Protection in Emergencies Coordinator’s Handbook. CPWG, 2010. English. 

168.   Guidelines for Integrating Gender-Based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Action: Reducing risk, promoting resilience and aiding recovery. Inter-Agency Standing Committee, 2015. 

169.   Minimum Standards for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action. CPWG, 2013. Arabic, English, French, Spanish. 

Food Security and Livelihoods

170.   Managing the Supply Chain of Specialised Nutritious Foods. WFP, 2013. English. Aimed at supporting field operations in managing their supply chain of special nutrition products intact. 

Early Childhood Development

171.   Early Childhood Development (ECD) Kit. UNICEF. English and French. 

172.   ECD in Emergencies: Integrated Programme Guide. UNICEF, 2014. 

173.   ECD, Nutrition and Health in Emergencies. Technical Note. UNICEF, 2016. English. 

174.   Integrated ECD activities in Nutrition Programmes in Emergencies. UNICEF and WHO, 2012. Arabic, English. Note explaining the importance and providing practical suggestions. 


175.   Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Toolkit for Humanitarian Settings. UNFPA and Save the Children, 2009. Arabic, English, French and Spanish. 

Mental Health and Psychosocial Support

176.   IASC Guidelines for Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings. IASC, 2007. Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Japanese, Korean, Nepalese, Portuguese, Spanish, Tajik. 

177.   IASC Guidelines on Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings: What should Humanitarian Health Actors know? IASC, 2010. English. 

178.   Mental Health and Psychosocial Well-Being among Children in Severe Food Shortage Situation. WHO, 2006. Arabic, English, French, Spanish. 

179.   Psychological First Aid: Guide for Field Workers. WHO, War Trauma Foundation and World Vision, 2011. Arabic, English, French and multiple other languages. A framework for supporting people in the immediate aftermath of extremely stressful events. 

180.   Psychosocial Impact of Humanitarian Crises. ACF, 2014. English. 

181.   See also: 131 (Baby Friendly Spaces).

Maternal, Newborn and Child Health

182.   Psychosocial Impact of Humanitarian Crises. WHO and UNICEF, 2009. English and Spanish. Guidance, tools and training for decision-makers and maternity staff to ensure IYCF is protected, promoted and supported at health facility level. 

183.   Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI) Chart Booklet. WHO, 2014. English. For use by doctors, nurses and other health professionals who see young infants and children under 5. 

184.   Inter-Agency Field Manual on Reproductive Health in Humanitarian Settings. IAWG on Reproductive Health in Crises, 2010. English, French, Spanish. 

185.   Newborn Health in Humanitarian Settings: Field Guide. Interim Version. Guidance and tools for programme managers, focusing on field implementation of the most critical neonatal (0 – 28 days) health services. Save the Children and UNICEF, 2015. English. 

186.   WHO Recommendations on Antenatal Care for a Positive Pregnancy Experience. WHO, 2016. English and Russian. Includes nutritional interventions. 

Infectious Disease

187.   Consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection. Recommendations for a public health approach. Second edition. WHO, 2016. English. Includes fact sheets with updates. 

188.   Guidelines for Addressing HIV in Humanitarian Settings. IASC, 2010. English. 

189.   PMTCT in Humanitarian Settings: Part II – Implementation Guide. Interagency Task Team HIV in Humanitarian Emergencies, 2015. English. 

190.   Infant Feeding in the Context of Ebola. UNICEF, WHO, CDC and ENN, 2014. English and French.

191.   Infant Feeding in Areas of Zika Virus Transmission. WHO, 2016. Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish. 

192.   Cholera Toolkit. UNICEF, 2017. Arabic, English, French. 

Artificial Feeding

Artificial Feeding

193.   IYCF-E Toolkit. Version 3. Section D: Programme Planning and Reporting. Arabic, English and French, 2017.

194.   See also: 8.6 (Multi-sector Interventions).

Minimising the Risk

195.   Why Infant Formula Causes Deaths due to Diarrhoea in Emergencies. Gribble, K. 2007. 

196.   Safe Preparation, Storage and Handling of Powdered Infant Formula: Guidelines. WHO and FAO. 2007. Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Spanish, Portuguese and Russian. 

197.   How to Prepare Formula for Cup Feeding at Home. FAO and WHO, 2007. English. 

Roles and Responsibilities

198.   UNHCR IYCF Practices: Standard Operating Procedures for the Handling of Breastmilk Substitutes (BMS) in Refugee Situations for Children 0-23 months. Version 1.1. UNHCR, 2015 English and French.

199.   UNICEF BMS Standard Operating Procedures. UNICEF, 2017.

200.   Use of milk in WFP operations. Position paper. WFP, June 2017. 

201.   See also: 8.2 (Organisational Policy).

BMS Specification

202.   Codex Alimentarius Standards for Infant Formula and Formulas for Special Medical Purposes Intended for Infants. Codex Stan 72 – 1981. FAO and WHO, 2007. 

203.   See also: 10 and 11 (The Code).

BMS Supplies and Feeding Equipment

204.   IYCF-E Toolkit. Version 3. Section E: Caseload and Supply Needs. Save the Children, 2017.

COVID-19 and Infant and Young Child Feeding

COVID-19 and Infant and Young Child Feeding

205.  Information Flyer:  Breastfeeding Advice during the COVID-19 outbreak.  WHO-EMRO Office, March 2020. 

206.  Q&A on COVID-19, pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding.  WHO, March 18, 2020.

207.  Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) in the context of COVID-19.  UNICEF, GNC & GTAM, March 30, 2020, updated every 10 days.  Links: Arabic, French, English, Russian, Spanish

208Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) in the context of the COVID-19 Pandemic:  Eastern Central and Southern Africa.  UNHCR, UNICEF, WFP & WHO, March 26, 2020.

209.  Infant and Young Child Feeding in Emergencies and COVID-19 ForumEmergency Nutrition Network (ENN).


Reference this page

LD (). IYCF-E Resources.



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